ManageIQ/manageiq

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lib/miq_ldap.rb

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1 day
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require 'net/ldap'
require 'net/ldap/dn'

class MiqLdap
  include Vmdb::Logging
  DEFAULT_LDAP_PORT      = 389
  DEFAULT_LDAPS_PORT     = 636

  attr_accessor :basedn

  def self.validate_connection(config)
    errors = {}

    auth = config[:authentication]
    begin
      ldap = new(
        :host => auth[:ldaphost],
        :port => auth[:ldapport],
        :mode => auth[:mode]
      )
      ldap.ldap.auth(auth[:bind_dn], auth[:bind_pwd]) if auth[:ldap_role] == true
      result = ldap.ldap.bind
    rescue Exception => err
      result = false
      errors[[:authentication, auth[:mode]].join("_")] = err.message
    else
      errors[[:authentication, auth[:mode]].join("_")] = "Authentication failed" unless result
    end

    return result, errors
  end

  def initialize(options = {})
    @auth = options[:auth] || ::Settings.authentication.to_hash

    log_auth = Vmdb::Settings.mask_passwords!(@auth.deep_clone)
    _log.info("Server Settings: #{log_auth.inspect}")

    mode              = options.delete(:mode) || ::Settings.authentication.mode
    @basedn           = options.delete(:basedn) || ::Settings.authentication.basedn
    @user_type        = options.delete(:user_type) || ::Settings.authentication.user_type
    @user_suffix      = options.delete(:user_suffix) || ::Settings.authentication.user_suffix
    @domain_prefix    = options.delete(:domain_prefix) || ::Settings.authentication.domain_prefix
    @bind_timeout     = options.delete(:bind_timeout) || ::Settings.authentication.bind_timeout.to_i_with_method
    @search_timeout   = options.delete(:search_timeout) || ::Settings.authentication.search_timeout.to_i_with_method
    @follow_referrals = options.delete(:follow_referrals) || ::Settings.authentication.follow_referrals
    @group_attribute  = options.delete(:group_attribute) || ::Settings.authentication.group_attribute
    options[:host] ||= ::Settings.authentication.ldaphost
    options[:port] ||= ::Settings.authentication.ldapport
    options[:host] = resolve_host(options[:host], options[:port])

    if mode == "ldaps"
      options[:encryption] = {:method => :simple_tls}
      options.store_path(:encryption, :tls_options, :verify_mode, OpenSSL::SSL::VERIFY_NONE) if options[:host].ipaddress?
    end

    # Make sure we do NOT log the clear-text password
    log_options = Vmdb::Settings.mask_passwords!(options.deep_clone)
    $log.info("options: #{log_options.inspect}")

    @ldap = Net::LDAP.new(options)
  end

  def resolve_host(hosts, port)
    hosts = Array.wrap(hosts)

    selected_host = nil
    valid_address = false

    hosts.each do |host|
      if host.ipaddress?
        selected_host = host
        addresses = Array.wrap(host) # Host is already an IP Address, no need to resolve
      else
        begin
          selected_host, _aliases, _type, *addresses = TCPSocket.gethostbyname(host) # Resolve hostname to IP Address
          $log.info("MiqLdap.connection: Resolved host [#{host}] has these IP Address: #{addresses.inspect}") if $log
        rescue => err
          $log.debug("Warning: '#{err.message}', resolving host: [host]")
          next
        end
      end

      addresses.each do |address|
        begin
          $log.info("MiqLdap.connection: Connecting to IP Address [#{address}]") if $log
          @conn = TCPSocket.new(address, port)
          valid_address = true
          break
        rescue => err
          $log.debug("Warning: '#{err.message}', connecting to IP Address [#{address}]")
        end
      end

      return selected_host if valid_address
    end

    raise Net::LDAP::Error.new("unable to establish a connection to server")
  end

  def bind(username, password)
    @ldap.auth(username, password)
    begin
      _log.info("Binding to LDAP: Host: [#{@ldap.host}], User: [#{username}]...")
      Timeout.timeout(@bind_timeout) do
        if @ldap.bind
          _log.info("Binding to LDAP: Host: [#{@ldap.host}], User: [#{username}]... successful")
          return true
        else
          _log.warn("Binding to LDAP: Host: [#{@ldap.host}], User: [#{username}]... unsuccessful")
          return false
        end
      end
    rescue Exception => err
      _log.error("Binding to LDAP: Host: [#{@ldap.host}], User: [#{username}], '#{err.message}'")
      return false
    end
  end

  def bind_with_default
    @auth[:mode].include?('ldap') ? bind(@auth[:bind_dn], @auth[:bind_pwd]) : false
  end

  attr_reader :ldap

  def get(dn, attrs = nil)
    # puts "getObj: #{dn}"
    begin
      result = search(:base => dn, :scope => :base, :attributes => attrs)
    rescue Exception => err
      _log.error("'#{err.message}'")
    end
    return nil unless result
    # puts "result: #{result.inspect}"
    result.first
  end

  def self.get_attr(obj, attr)
    return nil unless obj.attribute_names.include?(attr)
    val = obj.send(attr)
    val = val.length == 1 ? val.first : val

    # The BERParser#read_ber adds the method "ber_identifier" to strings and arrays (line 122 in ber.rb) via instance_eval
    # This singleton method causes TypeError: singleton can't be dumped during Marshal.dump
    # Strip out the singleton method by creating a new string
    val.kind_of?(String) ? String.new(val) : val
  end

  def get_attr(obj, attr)
    MiqLdap.get_attr(obj, attr)
  end

  def search(opts, &blk)
    Timeout.timeout(@search_timeout) { _search(opts, &blk) }
  rescue Timeout::Error
    _log.error("LDAP search timed out after #{@search_timeout} seconds")
    raise
  end

  def _search(opts, seen = nil, &_blk)
    raw_opts = opts.dup
    opts[:scope]            = scope(opts[:scope]) if opts[:scope]
    if opts[:filter]
      opts[:filter]         = filter_construct(opts[:filter]) unless opts[:filter].kind_of?(Net::LDAP::Filter)
    end
    opts[:return_referrals] = @follow_referrals
    seen ||= {:objects => [], :referrals => {}}
    _log.debug("opts: #{opts.inspect}")

    if block_given?
      opts[:return_result] = false
      return @ldap.search(opts) { |entry| yield entry if block_given? }
    else
      result = @ldap.search(opts)
      unless ldap_result_ok?
        _log.warn("LDAP Search unsuccessful, '#{@ldap.get_operation_result.message}', Code: [#{@ldap.get_operation_result.code}], Host: [#{@ldap.host}]")
        return []
      end
      return @follow_referrals ? chase_referrals(result, raw_opts, seen) : result
    end
  end

  def ldap_result_ok?(follow_referrals = @follow_referrals)
    return true if @ldap.get_operation_result.code == 0
    return true if @ldap.get_operation_result.code == 10 && follow_referrals
    false
  end

  def chase_referrals(objs, opts, seen)
    return objs if objs.empty?

    res = []
    objs.each do |o|
      if o.attribute_names.include?(:search_referrals)
        o.search_referrals.each do |ref|
          scheme, _userinfo, host, port, _registry, dn, _opaque, _query, _fragment = URI.split(ref)
          port ||= self.class.default_ldap_port(scheme)
          dn = normalize(dn.split("/").last)
          next if seen[:objects].include?(dn)

          begin
            _log.debug("Chasing referral: #{ref}")

            handle = seen[:referrals][host]
            if handle.nil?
              handle = self.class.new(:auth => {:ldaphost => host, :ldapport => port, :mode => scheme, :follow_referrals => @follow_referrals})
              unless handle.bind(@auth[:bind_dn], @auth[:bind_pwd])
                _log.warn("Unable to chase referral: #{ref}, bind with user: [#{@auth[:bind_dn]}] was unsuccessful")
                next
              end
              seen[:referrals][host] = handle
            end

            seen[:objects] << dn
            ref_res = handle._search(opts.merge(:base => dn), seen)
            _log.debug("Referral: #{ref}, returned [#{ref_res.length}] objects")
            res += ref_res
          rescue Net::LDAP::Error => err
            _log.warn("Unable to chase referral [#{ref}] because #{err.message}")
          end
        end
      else
        res << o
      end
    end

    res
  end

  def scope(s)
    case s.to_sym
    when :base
      Net::LDAP::SearchScope_BaseObject
    when :one
      Net::LDAP::SearchScope_SingleLevel
    when :sub
      Net::LDAP::SearchScope_WholeSubtree
    else
      raise "scope must be one of :base, :one or :sub"
    end
  end

  def filter_construct(filter_str)
    Net::LDAP::Filter.construct(filter_str)
  rescue Exception => err
    raise err.message
  end

  def filter(op, *args)
    Net::LDAP::Filter.send(op, *args)
  end

  def self.object_sid_filter(sid_string)
    Net::LDAP::Filter.eq("objectSID", sid_string)
  end

  def self.filter_users_only
    Net::LDAP::Filter.eq("objectClass", "person") & Net::LDAP::Filter.ne("objectClass", "computer")
  end

  def self.filter_groups_only
    Net::LDAP::Filter.eq("objectClass", "group")
  end

  def normalize(dn)
    return if dn.nil?
    dn.split(",").collect { |i| i.downcase.strip }.join(",")
  end

  def self.dn?(str)
    Net::LDAP::DN.new(str).to_a.any?
  rescue Net::LDAP::Error
    false
  end

  def dn?(str)
    self.class.dn?(str)
  end

  def self.upn?(str)
    str.to_s.match?(/.@./)
  end

  def upn?(str)
    self.class.upn?(str)
  end

  def self.domain_username?(str)
    str.to_s.match?(/^[a-zA-Z][a-zA-Z0-9.-]+\\./)
  end

  def domain_username?(str)
    self.class.domain_username?(str)
  end

  def fqusername(username)
    return username if dn?(username) || domain_username?(username)

    user_type = @user_type.split("-").first
    return username if user_type != "mail" && upn?(username)

    user_prefix = @user_type.split("-").last
    user_prefix = "cn" if user_prefix == "dn"
    case user_type
    when "samaccountname"
      return "#{@domain_prefix}\\#{username}" unless @domain_prefix.blank?
      return username
    when "upn", "userprincipalname"
      return username if @user_suffix.blank?

      return "#{username}@#{@user_suffix}"
    when "mail"
      username = "#{username}@#{@user_suffix}" unless @user_suffix.blank? || upn?(username)
      dbuser = User.lookup_by_email(username.downcase)
      dbuser ||= User.lookup_by_userid(username.downcase)
      return dbuser.userid if dbuser && dbuser.userid

      return username
    when "dn"
      return "#{user_prefix}=#{username},#{@user_suffix}"
    end
  end

  def get_user_object(username, user_type = nil)
    user_type ||= @user_type.split("-").first
    if dn?(username)
      user_type = "dn"
    elsif user_type != "mail" && upn?(username)
      user_type = "upn"
    end

    begin
      search_opts = {:base => @basedn, :scope => :sub, :attributes => ["*", @group_attribute]}

      case user_type
      when "samaccountname"
        search_opts[:filter] = "(#{user_type}=#{username.split("\\").last})"
      when "upn", "userprincipalname", "mail"
        user_type = "userprincipalname" if user_type == "upn"
        search_opts[:filter] = "(#{user_type}=#{username})"
      when "dn"
        search_opts.merge!(:base => username, :scope => :base)
      when "sid"
        search_opts[:filter] = self.class.object_sid_filter(username)
      end

      _log.info("Type: [#{user_type}], Base DN: [#{@basedn}], Filter: <#{search_opts[:filter]}>")
      obj = search(search_opts)
    rescue Exception => err
      _log.error("'#{err.message}'")
      obj = nil
    end
    obj.first if obj
  end

  def get_user_info(username, user_type = nil)
    user = get_user_object(username, user_type)
    return nil if user.nil?

    udata = {}
    udata[:first_name]   = MiqLdap.get_attr(user, :givenname)
    udata[:last_name]    = MiqLdap.get_attr(user, :sn)
    udata[:display_name] = MiqLdap.get_attr(user, :displayname)
    udata[:mail]         = MiqLdap.get_attr(user, :mail)
    udata[:address]      = MiqLdap.get_attr(user, :streetaddress)
    udata[:city]         = MiqLdap.get_attr(user, :l)
    udata[:state]        = MiqLdap.get_attr(user, :st)
    udata[:zip]          = MiqLdap.get_attr(user, :postalcode)
    udata[:country]      = MiqLdap.get_attr(user, :co)

    udata[:title]        = MiqLdap.get_attr(user, :title)
    udata[:company]      = MiqLdap.get_attr(user, :company)
    udata[:department]   = MiqLdap.get_attr(user, :department)
    udata[:office]       = MiqLdap.get_attr(user, :physicaldeliveryofficename)
    udata[:phone]        = MiqLdap.get_attr(user, :telephonenumber)
    udata[:fax]          = MiqLdap.get_attr(user, :facsimiletelephonenumber)
    udata[:phone_home]   = MiqLdap.get_attr(user, :homephone)
    udata[:phone_mobile] = MiqLdap.get_attr(user, :mobile)
    udata[:sid]          = MiqLdap.get_sid(user)

    managers = []
    user[:manager].each { |m| managers << get(m) } unless user[:manager].blank?
    udata[:manager]       = managers.empty? ? nil : MiqLdap.get_attr(managers.first, :displayname)
    udata[:manager_phone] = managers.empty? ? nil : MiqLdap.get_attr(managers.first, :telephonenumber)
    udata[:manager_mail]  = managers.empty? ? nil : MiqLdap.get_attr(managers.first, :mail)

    assistants           = []
    delegates            = user[:publicdelegates]
    delegates.each { |d|  assistants << get(d) } unless delegates.nil?
    udata[:assistant]       = assistants.empty? ? nil : MiqLdap.get_attr(assistants.first, :displayname)
    udata[:assistant_phone] = assistants.empty? ? nil : MiqLdap.get_attr(assistants.first, :telephonenumber)
    udata[:assistant_mail]  = assistants.empty? ? nil : MiqLdap.get_attr(assistants.first, :mail)

    udata
  end

  def get_memberships(obj, max_depth = 0, attr = @group_attribute.to_sym, followed = [], current_depth = 0)
    current_depth += 1

    _log.debug("Enter get_memberships: #{obj.inspect}")
    _log.debug("Enter get_memberships: #{obj.dn}, max_depth: #{max_depth}, current_depth: #{current_depth}, attr: #{attr}")
    result = []
    # puts "obj #{obj.inspect}"
    groups = Array.wrap(MiqLdap.get_attr(obj, attr))
    _log.debug("Groups: #{groups.inspect}")
    return result unless groups

    groups.each do |group|
      # puts "group #{group}"
      gobj = get(group, [:cn, attr])
      dn   = nil
      cn   = nil
      if gobj.nil?
        _log.debug("Group: DN: #{group} returned a nil object, CN will be extracted from DN, memberships will not be followed")
        normalize(group) =~ /^cn[ ]*=[ ]*([^,]+),/
        cn = $1
      else
        dn = normalize(MiqLdap.get_attr(gobj, :dn))
        cn = MiqLdap.get_attr(gobj, :cn)
      end

      if cn.nil?
        suffix = gobj.nil? ? "unable to extract CN from DN" : "has no CN"
        _log.debug("Group: #{group} #{suffix}, skipping")
      else
        _log.debug("Group: DN: #{group}, extracted CN: #{cn}")
        result.push(cn.strip)
      end

      unless dn.nil? || followed.include?(dn)
        followed.push(dn)
        result.concat(get_memberships(gobj, max_depth, attr, followed, current_depth)) unless max_depth > 0 && current_depth >= max_depth
      end
    end
    _log.debug("Exit get_memberships: #{obj.dn}, result: #{result.uniq.inspect}")
    result.uniq
  end

  def get_organizationalunits(basedn = nil, filter = nil)
    basedn ||= @basedn
    filter ||= "(ObjectCategory=organizationalUnit)"
    result = search(:base => basedn, :scope => :sub, :filter => filter)
    return nil unless result
    result.collect { |o| [get_attr(o, :dn), get_attr(o, :name)] }
  end

  def self.get_sid(entry)
    MiqLdap.sid_to_s(MiqLdap.get_attr(entry, :objectsid))
  end

  def self.default_ldap_port(scheme = "ldap")
    case scheme
    when "ldap"
      DEFAULT_LDAP_PORT
    when "ldaps"
      DEFAULT_LDAPS_PORT
    else
      raise "unknown scheme, '#{scheme}'"
    end
  end

  def self.using_ldap?
    ::Settings.authentication.mode.include?('ldap').tap do |should_warn|
      $audit_log.warn("MiqLdap is a deprecated feature. Please convert to using external authentication.") if should_warn
    end
  end

  def self.sid_to_s(data)
    return "" if data.blank?

    sid = []
    sid << data.ord.to_s

    rid = ""
    (6).downto(1) do |i|
      rid += byte2hex(data[i, 1].ord)
    end
    sid << rid.to_i.to_s

    sid += data.unpack("bbbbbbbbV*")[8..-1]
    "S-" + sid.join('-')
  end

  def self.byte2hex(b)
    ret = '%x' % (b.to_i & 0xff)
    ret = '0' + ret if ret.length < 2
    ret
  end
end # class MiqLdap