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File Helper

The File Helper file contains functions that assist in working with files.

.. contents::

.. raw:: html

  <div class="custom-index container"></div>

Loading this Helper

This helper is loaded using the following code::


Available Functions

The following functions are available:

.. php:function:: write_file($path, $data[, $mode = 'wb'])

    :param    string    $path: File path
    :param    string    $data: Data to write to file
    :param    string    $mode: ``fopen()`` mode
    :returns:    TRUE if the write was successful, FALSE in case of an error
    :rtype:    bool

    Writes data to the file specified in the path. If the file does not exist then the
    function will create it.


        $data = 'Some file data';
        if ( ! write_file('./path/to/file.php', $data))
            echo 'Unable to write the file';
            echo 'File written!';

    You can optionally set the write mode via the third parameter::

        write_file('./path/to/file.php', $data, 'r+');

    The default mode is 'wb'. Please see the `PHP user guide <https://secure.php.net/manual/en/function.fopen.php>`_
    for mode options.

    .. note: In order for this function to write data to a file, its permissions must
        be set such that it is writable. If the file does not already exist,
        then the directory containing it must be writable.

    .. note:: The path is relative to your main site index.php file, NOT your
        controller or view files. CodeIgniter uses a front controller so paths
        are always relative to the main site index.

    .. note:: This function acquires an exclusive lock on the file while writing to it.

.. php:function:: delete_files($path[, $del_dir = FALSE[, $htdocs = FALSE]])

    :param    string    $path: Directory path
    :param    bool    $del_dir: Whether to also delete directories
    :param    bool    $htdocs: Whether to skip deleting .htaccess and index page files
    :returns:    TRUE on success, FALSE in case of an error
    :rtype:    bool

    Deletes ALL files contained in the supplied path.



    If the second parameter is set to TRUE, any directories contained within the supplied
    root path will be deleted as well.


        delete_files('./path/to/directory/', TRUE);

    .. note:: The files must be writable or owned by the system in order to be deleted.

.. php:function:: get_filenames($source_dir[, $include_path = FALSE])

    :param    string    $source_dir: Directory path
    :param    bool    $include_path: Whether to include the path as part of the filenames
    :returns:    An array of file names
    :rtype:    array

    Takes a server path as input and returns an array containing the names of all files
    contained within it. The file path can optionally be added to the file names by setting
    the second parameter to TRUE.


        $controllers = get_filenames(APPPATH.'controllers/');

.. php:function:: get_dir_file_info($source_dir, $top_level_only)

    :param    string    $source_dir: Directory path
    :param    bool    $top_level_only: Whether to look only at the specified directory (excluding sub-directories)
    :returns:    An array containing info on the supplied directory's contents
    :rtype:    array

    Reads the specified directory and builds an array containing the filenames, filesize,
    dates, and permissions. Sub-folders contained within the specified path are only read
    if forced by sending the second parameter to FALSE, as this can be an intensive


        $models_info = get_dir_file_info(APPPATH.'models/');

.. php:function:: get_file_info($file[, $returned_values = array('name', 'server_path', 'size', 'date')])

    :param    string    $file: File path
    :param    array    $returned_values: What type of info to return
    :returns:    An array containing info on the specified file or FALSE on failure
    :rtype:    array

    Given a file and path, returns (optionally) the *name*, *path*, *size* and *date modified*
    information attributes for a file. Second parameter allows you to explicitly declare what
    information you want returned.

    Valid ``$returned_values`` options are: `name`, `size`, `date`, `readable`, `writeable`,
    `executable` and `fileperms`.

.. php:function:: get_mime_by_extension($filename)

    :param    string    $filename: File name
    :returns:    MIME type string or FALSE on failure
    :rtype:    string

    Translates a filename extension into a MIME type based on *config/mimes.php*.
    Returns FALSE if it can't determine the type, or read the MIME config file.


        $file = 'somefile.png';
        echo $file.' is has a mime type of '.get_mime_by_extension($file);

    .. note:: This is not an accurate way of determining file MIME types, and
        is here strictly for convenience. It should not be used for security

.. php:function:: symbolic_permissions($perms)

    :param    int    $perms: Permissions
    :returns:    Symbolic permissions string
    :rtype:    string

    Takes numeric permissions (such as is returned by ``fileperms()``) and returns
    standard symbolic notation of file permissions.


        echo symbolic_permissions(fileperms('./index.php'));  // -rw-r--r--

.. php:function:: octal_permissions($perms)

    :param    int    $perms: Permissions
    :returns:    Octal permissions string
    :rtype:    string

    Takes numeric permissions (such as is returned by ``fileperms()``) and returns
    a three character octal notation of file permissions.


        echo octal_permissions(fileperms('./index.php')); // 644