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Test Coverage
Unit Testing Class

Unit testing is an approach to software development in which tests are
written for each function in your application. If you are not familiar
with the concept you might do a little googling on the subject.

CodeIgniter's Unit Test class is quite simple, consisting of an
evaluation function and two result functions. It's not intended to be a
full-blown test suite but rather a simple mechanism to evaluate your
code to determine if it is producing the correct data type and result.

.. contents::

.. raw:: html

  <div class="custom-index container"></div>

Using the Unit Testing Library

Initializing the Class

Like most other classes in CodeIgniter, the Unit Test class is
initialized in your controller using the $this->load->library function::


Once loaded, the Unit Test object will be available using ``$this->unit``

Running Tests

Running a test involves supplying a test and an expected result in the
following way:

    $this->unit->run('test', 'expected result', 'test name', 'notes');

Where test is the result of the code you wish to test, expected result
is the data type you expect, test name is an optional name you can give
your test, and notes are optional notes. Example::

    $test = 1 + 1;

    $expected_result = 2;

    $test_name = 'Adds one plus one';

    $this->unit->run($test, $expected_result, $test_name);

The expected result you supply can either be a literal match, or a data
type match. Here's an example of a literal::

    $this->unit->run('Foo', 'Foo');

Here is an example of a data type match::

    $this->unit->run('Foo', 'is_string');

Notice the use of "is_string" in the second parameter? This tells the
function to evaluate whether your test is producing a string as the
result. Here is a list of allowed comparison types:

-  is_object
-  is_string
-  is_bool
-  is_true
-  is_false
-  is_int
-  is_numeric
-  is_float
-  is_double
-  is_array
-  is_null
-  is_resource

Generating Reports

You can either display results after each test, or your can run several
tests and generate a report at the end. To show a report directly simply
echo or return the run function::

    echo $this->unit->run($test, $expected_result);

To run a full report of all tests, use this::

    echo $this->unit->report();

The report will be formatted in an HTML table for viewing. If you prefer
the raw data you can retrieve an array using::

    echo $this->unit->result();

Strict Mode

By default the unit test class evaluates literal matches loosely.
Consider this example::

    $this->unit->run(1, TRUE);

The test is evaluating an integer, but the expected result is a boolean.
PHP, however, due to it's loose data-typing will evaluate the above code
as TRUE using a normal equality test::

    if (1 == TRUE) echo 'This evaluates as true';

If you prefer, you can put the unit test class in to strict mode, which
will compare the data type as well as the value::

    if (1 === TRUE) echo 'This evaluates as FALSE';

To enable strict mode use this::


Enabling/Disabling Unit Testing

If you would like to leave some testing in place in your scripts, but
not have it run unless you need it, you can disable unit testing using::


Unit Test Display

When your unit test results display, the following items show by

-  Test Name (test_name)
-  Test Datatype (test_datatype)
-  Expected Datatype (res_datatype)
-  Result (result)
-  File Name (file)
-  Line Number (line)
-  Any notes you entered for the test (notes)

You can customize which of these items get displayed by using
$this->unit->set_test_items(). For example, if you only wanted the test name
and the result displayed:

Customizing displayed tests


    $this->unit->set_test_items(array('test_name', 'result'));

Creating a Template

If you would like your test results formatted differently then the
default you can set your own template. Here is an example of a simple
template. Note the required pseudo-variables::

    $str = '
    <table border="0" cellpadding="4" cellspacing="1">


.. note:: Your template must be declared **before** running the unit
    test process.

Class Reference

.. php:class:: CI_Unit_test

    .. php:method:: set_test_items($items)

        :param array $items: List of visible test items
        :returns: void

        Sets a list of items that should be visible in tests.
        Valid options are:

          - test_name
          - test_datatype
          - res_datatype
          - result
          - file
          - line
          - notes

    .. php:method:: run($test[, $expected = TRUE[, $test_name = 'undefined'[, $notes = '']]])

        :param    mixed    $test: Test data
        :param    mixed    $expected: Expected result
        :param    string    $test_name: Test name
        :param    string    $notes: Any notes to be attached to the test
        :returns:    Test report
        :rtype:    string

        Runs unit tests.

    .. php:method:: report([$result = array()])

        :param    array    $result: Array containing tests results
        :returns:    Test report
        :rtype:    string

        Generates a report about already complete tests.

    .. php:method:: use_strict([$state = TRUE])

        :param    bool    $state: Strict state flag
        :rtype:    void

        Enables/disables strict type comparison in tests.

    .. php:method:: active([$state = TRUE])

        :param    bool    $state: Whether to enable testing
        :rtype:    void

        Enables/disables unit testing.

    .. php:method:: result([$results = array()])

        :param    array    $results: Tests results list
        :returns:    Array of raw result data
        :rtype:    array

        Returns raw tests results data.

    .. php:method:: set_template($template)

        :param    string    $template: Test result template
        :rtype:    void

        Sets the template for displaying tests results.