discourse/discourse

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app/models/user.rb

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require_dependency 'jobs/base'
require_dependency 'email'
require_dependency 'email_token'
require_dependency 'email_validator'
require_dependency 'trust_level'
require_dependency 'pbkdf2'
require_dependency 'discourse'
require_dependency 'post_destroyer'
require_dependency 'user_name_suggester'
require_dependency 'pretty_text'
require_dependency 'url_helper'
require_dependency 'letter_avatar'
require_dependency 'promotion'
require_dependency 'password_validator'
require_dependency 'notification_serializer'

class User < ActiveRecord::Base
  include Searchable
  include Roleable
  include HasCustomFields

  # TODO: Remove this after 7th Jan 2018
  self.ignored_columns = %w{email}

  has_many :posts
  has_many :notifications, dependent: :destroy
  has_many :topic_users, dependent: :destroy
  has_many :category_users, dependent: :destroy
  has_many :tag_users, dependent: :destroy
  has_many :user_api_keys, dependent: :destroy
  has_many :topics
  has_many :user_open_ids, dependent: :destroy
  has_many :user_actions, dependent: :destroy
  has_many :post_actions, dependent: :destroy
  has_many :user_badges, -> { where('user_badges.badge_id IN (SELECT id FROM badges WHERE enabled)') }, dependent: :destroy
  has_many :badges, through: :user_badges
  has_many :email_logs, dependent: :delete_all
  has_many :incoming_emails, dependent: :delete_all
  has_many :post_timings
  has_many :topic_allowed_users, dependent: :destroy
  has_many :topics_allowed, through: :topic_allowed_users, source: :topic
  has_many :email_tokens, dependent: :destroy
  has_many :user_visits, dependent: :destroy
  has_many :invites, dependent: :destroy
  has_many :topic_links, dependent: :destroy
  has_many :uploads
  has_many :user_warnings
  has_many :user_archived_messages, dependent: :destroy
  has_many :email_change_requests, dependent: :destroy
  has_many :directory_items, dependent: :delete_all
  has_many :user_auth_tokens, dependent: :destroy
  has_many :user_emails, dependent: :destroy

  has_one :primary_email, -> { where(primary: true)  }, class_name: 'UserEmail', dependent: :destroy

  has_one :user_option, dependent: :destroy
  has_one :user_avatar, dependent: :destroy
  has_one :facebook_user_info, dependent: :destroy
  has_one :twitter_user_info, dependent: :destroy
  has_one :github_user_info, dependent: :destroy
  has_one :google_user_info, dependent: :destroy
  has_one :oauth2_user_info, dependent: :destroy
  has_one :user_stat, dependent: :destroy
  has_one :user_profile, dependent: :destroy, inverse_of: :user
  has_one :single_sign_on_record, dependent: :destroy
  belongs_to :approved_by, class_name: 'User'
  belongs_to :primary_group, class_name: 'Group'

  has_many :group_users, dependent: :destroy
  has_many :groups, through: :group_users
  has_many :secure_categories, through: :groups, source: :categories

  has_many :muted_user_records, class_name: 'MutedUser'
  has_many :muted_users, through: :muted_user_records

  has_one :api_key, dependent: :destroy

  belongs_to :uploaded_avatar, class_name: 'Upload'

  has_many :acting_group_histories, dependent: :destroy, foreign_key: :acting_user_id, class_name: 'GroupHistory'
  has_many :targeted_group_histories, dependent: :destroy, foreign_key: :target_user_id, class_name: 'GroupHistory'

  delegate :last_sent_email_address, to: :email_logs

  validates_presence_of :username
  validate :username_validator, if: :will_save_change_to_username?
  validate :password_validator
  validates :name, user_full_name: true, if: :will_save_change_to_name?, length: { maximum: 255 }
  validates :ip_address, allowed_ip_address: { on: :create, message: :signup_not_allowed }
  validates :primary_email, presence: true
  validates_associated :primary_email, message: -> (_, user_email) { user_email[:value]&.errors[:email]&.first }

  after_initialize :add_trust_level

  before_validation :set_skip_validate_email

  after_create :create_email_token
  after_create :create_user_stat
  after_create :create_user_option
  after_create :create_user_profile
  after_create :ensure_in_trust_level_group
  after_create :set_default_categories_preferences

  before_save :update_username_lower
  before_save :ensure_password_is_hashed

  after_save :expire_tokens_if_password_changed
  after_save :clear_global_notice_if_needed
  after_save :refresh_avatar
  after_save :badge_grant
  after_save :expire_old_email_tokens
  after_save :index_search
  after_commit :trigger_user_created_event, on: :create

  before_destroy do
    # These tables don't have primary keys, so destroying them with activerecord is tricky:
    PostTiming.where(user_id: self.id).delete_all
    TopicViewItem.where(user_id: self.id).delete_all
  end

  # Skip validating email, for example from a particular auth provider plugin
  attr_accessor :skip_email_validation

  # Whether we need to be sending a system message after creation
  attr_accessor :send_welcome_message

  # This is just used to pass some information into the serializer
  attr_accessor :notification_channel_position

  # set to true to optimize creation and save for imports
  attr_accessor :import_mode

  scope :with_email, ->(email) { joins(:user_emails).where(user_emails: { email: email }) }

  scope :human_users, -> { where('users.id > 0') }

  # excluding fake users like the system user or anonymous users
  scope :real, -> { human_users.where('NOT EXISTS(
                     SELECT 1
                     FROM user_custom_fields ucf
                     WHERE
                       ucf.user_id = users.id AND
                       ucf.name = ? AND
                       ucf.value::int > 0
                  )', 'master_id') }

  # TODO-PERF: There is no indexes on any of these
  # and NotifyMailingListSubscribers does a select-all-and-loop
  # may want to create an index on (active, silence, suspended_till)?
  scope :silenced, -> { where("silenced_till IS NOT NULL AND silenced_till > ?", Time.zone.now) }
  scope :not_silenced, -> { where("silenced_till IS NULL OR silenced_till <= ?", Time.zone.now) }
  scope :suspended, -> { where('suspended_till IS NOT NULL AND suspended_till > ?', Time.zone.now) }
  scope :not_suspended, -> { where('suspended_till IS NULL OR suspended_till <= ?', Time.zone.now) }
  scope :activated, -> { where(active: true) }

  module NewTopicDuration
    ALWAYS = -1
    LAST_VISIT = -2
  end

  def self.max_password_length
    200
  end

  def self.username_length
    SiteSetting.min_username_length.to_i..SiteSetting.max_username_length.to_i
  end

  def self.username_available?(username, email = nil)
    lower = username.downcase
    return false if reserved_username?(lower)
    return true  if !User.exists?(username_lower: lower)
    # staged users can use the same username since they will take over the account
    email.present? && User.joins(:user_emails).exists?(staged: true, username_lower: lower, user_emails: { primary: true, email: email })
  end

  def self.reserved_username?(username)
    lower = username.downcase

    SiteSetting.reserved_usernames.split("|").any? do |reserved|
      !!lower.match("^#{Regexp.escape(reserved).gsub('\*', '.*')}$")
    end
  end

  def self.plugin_staff_user_custom_fields
    @plugin_staff_user_custom_fields ||= {}
  end

  def self.register_plugin_staff_custom_field(custom_field_name, plugin)
    plugin_staff_user_custom_fields[custom_field_name] = plugin
  end

  def self.whitelisted_user_custom_fields(guardian)
    fields = []

    if SiteSetting.public_user_custom_fields.present?
      fields += SiteSetting.public_user_custom_fields.split('|')
    end

    if guardian.is_staff?
      if SiteSetting.staff_user_custom_fields.present?
        fields += SiteSetting.staff_user_custom_fields.split('|')
      end
      plugin_staff_user_custom_fields.each do |k, v|
        fields << k if v.enabled?
      end
    end

    fields.uniq
  end

  def effective_locale
    if SiteSetting.allow_user_locale && self.locale.present?
      self.locale
    else
      SiteSetting.default_locale
    end
  end

  EMAIL = %r{([^@]+)@([^\.]+)}

  def self.new_from_params(params)
    user = User.new
    user.name = params[:name]
    user.email = params[:email]
    user.password = params[:password]
    user.username = params[:username]
    user
  end

  def self.suggest_name(email)
    return "" if email.blank?
    email[/\A[^@]+/].tr(".", " ").titleize
  end

  def self.find_by_username_or_email(username_or_email)
    if username_or_email.include?('@')
      find_by_email(username_or_email)
    else
      find_by_username(username_or_email)
    end
  end

  def self.find_by_email(email)
    self.with_email(Email.downcase(email)).first
  end

  def self.find_by_username(username)
    find_by(username_lower: username.downcase)
  end

  def enqueue_welcome_message(message_type)
    return unless SiteSetting.send_welcome_message?
    Jobs.enqueue(:send_system_message, user_id: id, message_type: message_type)
  end

  def change_username(new_username, actor = nil)
    UsernameChanger.change(self, new_username, actor)
  end

  def created_topic_count
    stat = user_stat || create_user_stat
    stat.topic_count
  end

  alias_method :topic_count, :created_topic_count

  # tricky, we need our bus to be subscribed from the right spot
  def sync_notification_channel_position
    @unread_notifications_by_type = nil
    self.notification_channel_position = MessageBus.last_id("/notification/#{id}")
  end

  def invited_by
    used_invite = invites.where("redeemed_at is not null").includes(:invited_by).first
    used_invite.try(:invited_by)
  end

  def should_validate_email_address?
    !skip_email_validation && !staged?
  end

  # Approve this user
  def approve(approved_by, send_mail = true)
    self.approved = true

    if approved_by.is_a?(Integer)
      self.approved_by_id = approved_by
    else
      self.approved_by = approved_by
    end

    self.approved_at = Time.zone.now

    if result = save
      send_approval_email if send_mail
      DiscourseEvent.trigger(:user_approved, self)
    end

    result
  end

  def self.email_hash(email)
    Digest::MD5.hexdigest(email.strip.downcase)
  end

  def email_hash
    User.email_hash(email)
  end

  def reload
    @unread_notifications = nil
    @unread_total_notifications = nil
    @unread_pms = nil
    super
  end

  def unread_notifications_of_type(notification_type)
    # perf critical, much more efficient than AR
    sql = "
       SELECT COUNT(*) FROM notifications n
       LEFT JOIN topics t ON n.topic_id = t.id
       WHERE
        t.deleted_at IS NULL AND
        n.notification_type = :type AND
        n.user_id = :user_id AND
        NOT read"

    User.exec_sql(sql, user_id: id, type: notification_type).getvalue(0, 0).to_i
  end

  def unread_private_messages
    @unread_pms ||= unread_notifications_of_type(Notification.types[:private_message])
  end

  def unread_notifications
    @unread_notifications ||=
      begin
        # perf critical, much more efficient than AR
        sql = "
           SELECT COUNT(*) FROM notifications n
           LEFT JOIN topics t ON n.topic_id = t.id
           WHERE
            t.deleted_at IS NULL AND
            n.notification_type <> :pm AND
            n.user_id = :user_id AND
            NOT read AND
            n.id > :seen_notification_id"

        User.exec_sql(sql, user_id: id,
                           seen_notification_id: seen_notification_id,
                           pm:  Notification.types[:private_message])
          .getvalue(0, 0).to_i
      end
  end

  def total_unread_notifications
    @unread_total_notifications ||= notifications.where("read = false").count
  end

  def saw_notification_id(notification_id)
    if seen_notification_id.to_i < notification_id.to_i
      update_columns(seen_notification_id: notification_id.to_i)
      true
    else
      false
    end
  end

  TRACK_FIRST_NOTIFICATION_READ_DURATION = 1.week.to_i

  def read_first_notification?
    if (trust_level > TrustLevel[1] ||
        created_at < TRACK_FIRST_NOTIFICATION_READ_DURATION.seconds.ago)

      return true
    end

    self.seen_notification_id == 0 ? false : true
  end

  def publish_notifications_state
    # publish last notification json with the message so we
    # can apply an update
    notification = notifications.visible.order('notifications.id desc').first
    json = NotificationSerializer.new(notification).as_json if notification

    sql = "
       SELECT * FROM (
         SELECT n.id, n.read FROM notifications n
         LEFT JOIN topics t ON n.topic_id = t.id
         WHERE
          t.deleted_at IS NULL AND
          n.notification_type = :type AND
          n.user_id = :user_id AND
          NOT read
        ORDER BY n.id DESC
        LIMIT 20
      ) AS x
      UNION ALL
      SELECT * FROM (
       SELECT n.id, n.read FROM notifications n
       LEFT JOIN topics t ON n.topic_id = t.id
       WHERE
        t.deleted_at IS NULL AND
        (n.notification_type <> :type OR read) AND
        n.user_id = :user_id
       ORDER BY n.id DESC
       LIMIT 20
      ) AS y
    "

    recent = User.exec_sql(sql,
      user_id: id,
      type: Notification.types[:private_message]
    ).values.map! do |id, read|
      [id.to_i, read]
    end

    MessageBus.publish("/notification/#{id}",
                       { unread_notifications: unread_notifications,
                         unread_private_messages: unread_private_messages,
                         total_unread_notifications: total_unread_notifications,
                         read_first_notification: read_first_notification?,
                         last_notification: json,
                         recent: recent,
                         seen_notification_id: seen_notification_id
                       },
                       user_ids: [id] # only publish the notification to this user
    )
  end

  # A selection of people to autocomplete on @mention
  def self.mentionable_usernames
    User.select(:username).order('last_posted_at desc').limit(20)
  end

  def password=(password)
    # special case for passwordless accounts
    unless password.blank?
      @raw_password = password
    end
  end

  def password
    '' # so that validator doesn't complain that a password attribute doesn't exist
  end

  # Indicate that this is NOT a passwordless account for the purposes of validation
  def password_required!
    @password_required = true
  end

  def password_required?
    !!@password_required
  end

  def password_validation_required?
    password_required? || @raw_password.present?
  end

  def has_password?
    password_hash.present?
  end

  def password_validator
    PasswordValidator.new(attributes: :password).validate_each(self, :password, @raw_password)
  end

  def confirm_password?(password)
    return false unless password_hash && salt
    self.password_hash == hash_password(password, salt)
  end

  def new_user_posting_on_first_day?
    !staff? &&
    trust_level < TrustLevel[2] &&
    (self.first_post_created_at.nil? || self.first_post_created_at >= 24.hours.ago)
  end

  def new_user?
    (created_at >= 24.hours.ago || trust_level == TrustLevel[0]) &&
      trust_level < TrustLevel[2] &&
      !staff?
  end

  def seen_before?
    last_seen_at.present?
  end

  def create_visit_record!(date, opts = {})
    user_stat.update_column(:days_visited, user_stat.days_visited + 1)
    user_visits.create!(visited_at: date, posts_read: opts[:posts_read] || 0, mobile: opts[:mobile] || false)
  end

  def visit_record_for(date)
    user_visits.find_by(visited_at: date)
  end

  def update_visit_record!(date)
    create_visit_record!(date) unless visit_record_for(date)
  end

  def update_posts_read!(num_posts, opts = {})
    now = opts[:at] || Time.zone.now
    _retry = opts[:retry] || false

    if user_visit = visit_record_for(now.to_date)
      user_visit.posts_read += num_posts
      user_visit.mobile = true if opts[:mobile]
      user_visit.save
      user_visit
    else
      begin
        create_visit_record!(now.to_date, posts_read: num_posts, mobile: opts.fetch(:mobile, false))
      rescue ActiveRecord::RecordNotUnique
        if !_retry
          update_posts_read!(num_posts, opts.merge(retry: true))
        else
          raise
        end
      end
    end
  end

  def update_ip_address!(new_ip_address)
    unless ip_address == new_ip_address || new_ip_address.blank?
      update_column(:ip_address, new_ip_address)
    end
  end

  def update_last_seen!(now = Time.zone.now)
    now_date = now.to_date
    # Only update last seen once every minute
    redis_key = "user:#{id}:#{now_date}"
    return unless $redis.setnx(redis_key, "1")

    $redis.expire(redis_key, SiteSetting.active_user_rate_limit_secs)
    update_previous_visit(now)
    # using update_column to avoid the AR transaction
    update_column(:last_seen_at, now)
    update_column(:first_seen_at, now) unless self.first_seen_at

    DiscourseEvent.trigger(:user_seen, self)
  end

  def self.gravatar_template(email)
    email_hash = self.email_hash(email)
    "//www.gravatar.com/avatar/#{email_hash}.png?s={size}&r=pg&d=identicon"
  end

  # Don't pass this up to the client - it's meant for server side use
  # This is used in
  #   - self oneboxes in open graph data
  #   - emails
  def small_avatar_url
    avatar_template_url.gsub("{size}", "45")
  end

  def avatar_template_url
    UrlHelper.schemaless UrlHelper.absolute avatar_template
  end

  def self.default_template(username)
    if SiteSetting.default_avatars.present?
      split_avatars = SiteSetting.default_avatars.split("\n")
      if split_avatars.present?
        hash = username.each_char.reduce(0) do |result, char|
          [((result << 5) - result) + char.ord].pack('L').unpack('l').first
        end

        split_avatars[hash.abs % split_avatars.size]
      end
    else
      system_avatar_template(username)
    end
  end

  def self.avatar_template(username, uploaded_avatar_id)
    username ||= ""
    return default_template(username) if !uploaded_avatar_id
    hostname = RailsMultisite::ConnectionManagement.current_hostname
    UserAvatar.local_avatar_template(hostname, username.downcase, uploaded_avatar_id)
  end

  def self.system_avatar_template(username)
    # TODO it may be worth caching this in a distributed cache, should be benched
    if SiteSetting.external_system_avatars_enabled
      url = SiteSetting.external_system_avatars_url.dup
      url = "#{Discourse::base_uri}#{url}" unless url =~ /^https?:\/\//
      url.gsub! "{color}", letter_avatar_color(username.downcase)
      url.gsub! "{username}", username
      url.gsub! "{first_letter}", username[0].downcase
      url.gsub! "{hostname}", Discourse.current_hostname
      url
    else
      "#{Discourse.base_uri}/letter_avatar/#{username.downcase}/{size}/#{LetterAvatar.version}.png"
    end
  end

  def self.letter_avatar_color(username)
    username ||= ""
    color = LetterAvatar::COLORS[Digest::MD5.hexdigest(username)[0...15].to_i(16) % LetterAvatar::COLORS.length]
    color.map { |c| c.to_s(16).rjust(2, '0') }.join
  end

  def avatar_template
    self.class.avatar_template(username, uploaded_avatar_id)
  end

  # The following count methods are somewhat slow - definitely don't use them in a loop.
  # They might need to be denormalized
  def like_count
    UserAction.where(user_id: id, action_type: UserAction::WAS_LIKED).count
  end

  def like_given_count
    UserAction.where(user_id: id, action_type: UserAction::LIKE).count
  end

  def post_count
    stat = user_stat || create_user_stat
    stat.post_count
  end

  def flags_given_count
    PostAction.where(user_id: id, post_action_type_id: PostActionType.flag_types_without_custom.values).count
  end

  def warnings_received_count
    user_warnings.count
  end

  def flags_received_count
    posts.includes(:post_actions).where('post_actions.post_action_type_id' => PostActionType.flag_types_without_custom.values).count
  end

  def private_topics_count
    topics_allowed.where(archetype: Archetype.private_message).count
  end

  def posted_too_much_in_topic?(topic_id)
    # Does not apply to staff and non-new members...
    return false if staff? || (trust_level != TrustLevel[0])
    # ... your own topics or in private messages
    topic = Topic.where(id: topic_id).first
    return false if topic.try(:private_message?) || (topic.try(:user_id) == self.id)

    last_action_in_topic = UserAction.last_action_in_topic(id, topic_id)
    since_reply = Post.where(user_id: id, topic_id: topic_id)
    since_reply = since_reply.where('id > ?', last_action_in_topic) if last_action_in_topic

    (since_reply.count >= SiteSetting.newuser_max_replies_per_topic)
  end

  def delete_all_posts!(guardian)
    raise Discourse::InvalidAccess unless guardian.can_delete_all_posts? self

    QueuedPost.where(user_id: id).delete_all

    posts.order("post_number desc").each do |p|
      PostDestroyer.new(guardian.user, p).destroy
    end
  end

  def suspended?
    !!(suspended_till && suspended_till > Time.zone.now)
  end

  def silenced?
    !!(silenced_till && silenced_till > Time.zone.now)
  end

  def silenced_record
    UserHistory.for(self, :silence_user).order('id DESC').first
  end

  def silence_reason
    silenced_record.try(:details) if silenced?
  end

  def silenced_at
    silenced_record.try(:created_at) if silenced?
  end

  def suspend_record
    UserHistory.for(self, :suspend_user).order('id DESC').first
  end

  def full_suspend_reason
    return suspend_record.try(:details) if suspended?
  end

  def suspend_reason
    if details = full_suspend_reason
      return details.split("\n")[0]
    end

    nil
  end

  # Use this helper to determine if the user has a particular trust level.
  # Takes into account admin, etc.
  def has_trust_level?(level)
    unless TrustLevel.valid?(level)
      raise InvalidTrustLevel.new("Invalid trust level #{level}")
    end

    admin? || moderator? || staged? || TrustLevel.compare(trust_level, level)
  end

  # a touch faster than automatic
  def admin?
    admin
  end

  def guardian
    Guardian.new(self)
  end

  def username_format_validator
    UsernameValidator.perform_validation(self, 'username')
  end

  def email_confirmed?
    email_tokens.where(email: email, confirmed: true).present? || email_tokens.empty?
  end

  def activate
    if email_token = self.email_tokens.active.where(email: self.email).first
      EmailToken.confirm(email_token.token)
    else
      self.update!(active: true)
    end
  end

  def deactivate
    self.update!(active: false)
  end

  def change_trust_level!(level, opts = nil)
    Promotion.new(self).change_trust_level!(level, opts)
  end

  def readable_name
    return "#{name} (#{username})" if name.present? && name != username
    username
  end

  def badge_count
    user_badges.select('distinct badge_id').count
  end

  def featured_user_badges(limit = 3)
    tl_badge_ids = Badge.trust_level_badge_ids

    query = user_badges
      .group(:badge_id)
      .select(UserBadge.attribute_names.map { |x| "MAX(user_badges.#{x}) AS #{x}" },
                      'COUNT(*) AS "count"',
                      'MAX(badges.badge_type_id) AS badges_badge_type_id',
                      'MAX(badges.grant_count) AS badges_grant_count')
      .joins(:badge)
      .order('badges_badge_type_id ASC, badges_grant_count ASC, badge_id DESC')
      .includes(:user, :granted_by, { badge: :badge_type }, post: :topic)

    tl_badge = query.where("user_badges.badge_id IN (:tl_badge_ids)",
                           tl_badge_ids: tl_badge_ids)
      .limit(1)

    other_badges = query.where("user_badges.badge_id NOT IN (:tl_badge_ids)",
                               tl_badge_ids: tl_badge_ids)
      .limit(limit)

    (tl_badge + other_badges).take(limit)
  end

  def self.count_by_signup_date(start_date, end_date, group_id = nil)
    result = where('users.created_at >= ? AND users.created_at <= ?', start_date, end_date)

    if group_id
      result = result.joins("INNER JOIN group_users ON group_users.user_id = users.id")
      result = result.where("group_users.group_id = ?", group_id)
    end
    result.group('date(users.created_at)').order('date(users.created_at)').count
  end

  def secure_category_ids
    cats = self.admin? ? Category.where(read_restricted: true) : secure_categories.references(:categories)
    cats.pluck('categories.id').sort
  end

  def topic_create_allowed_category_ids
    Category.topic_create_allowed(self.id).select(:id)
  end

  # Flag all posts from a user as spam
  def flag_linked_posts_as_spam
    disagreed_flag_post_ids = PostAction.where(post_action_type_id: PostActionType.types[:spam])
      .where.not(disagreed_at: nil)
      .pluck(:post_id)

    topic_links.includes(:post)
      .where.not(post_id: disagreed_flag_post_ids)
      .each do |tl|
      begin
        message = I18n.t('flag_reason.spam_hosts', domain: tl.domain)
        PostAction.act(Discourse.system_user, tl.post, PostActionType.types[:spam], message: message)
      rescue PostAction::AlreadyActed
        # If the user has already acted, just ignore it
      end
    end
  end

  def has_uploaded_avatar
    uploaded_avatar.present?
  end

  def generate_api_key(created_by)
    if api_key.present?
      api_key.regenerate!(created_by)
      api_key
    else
      ApiKey.create(user: self, key: SecureRandom.hex(32), created_by: created_by)
    end
  end

  def revoke_api_key
    ApiKey.where(user_id: self.id).delete_all
  end

  def find_email
    last_sent_email_address.present? && EmailValidator.email_regex =~ last_sent_email_address ? last_sent_email_address : email
  end

  def tl3_requirements
    @lq ||= TrustLevel3Requirements.new(self)
  end

  def on_tl3_grace_period?
    UserHistory.for(self, :auto_trust_level_change)
      .where('created_at >= ?', SiteSetting.tl3_promotion_min_duration.to_i.days.ago)
      .where(previous_value: TrustLevel[2].to_s)
      .where(new_value: TrustLevel[3].to_s)
      .exists?
  end

  def refresh_avatar
    return if @import_mode

    avatar = user_avatar || create_user_avatar

    if SiteSetting.automatically_download_gravatars? && !avatar.last_gravatar_download_attempt
      Jobs.cancel_scheduled_job(:update_gravatar, user_id: self.id, avatar_id: avatar.id)
      Jobs.enqueue_in(1.second, :update_gravatar, user_id: self.id, avatar_id: avatar.id)
    end

    # mark all the user's quoted posts as "needing a rebake"
    Post.rebake_all_quoted_posts(self.id) if self.will_save_change_to_uploaded_avatar_id?
  end

  def first_post_created_at
    user_stat.try(:first_post_created_at)
  end

  def associated_accounts
    result = []

    result << "Twitter(#{twitter_user_info.screen_name})"               if twitter_user_info
    result << "Facebook(#{facebook_user_info.username})"                if facebook_user_info
    result << "Google(#{google_user_info.email})"                       if google_user_info
    result << "Github(#{github_user_info.screen_name})"                 if github_user_info
    result << "#{oauth2_user_info.provider}(#{oauth2_user_info.email})" if oauth2_user_info

    user_open_ids.each do |oid|
      result << "OpenID #{oid.url[0..20]}...(#{oid.email})"
    end

    result.empty? ? I18n.t("user.no_accounts_associated") : result.join(", ")
  end

  def user_fields
    return @user_fields if @user_fields
    user_field_ids = UserField.pluck(:id)
    if user_field_ids.present?
      @user_fields = {}
      user_field_ids.each do |fid|
        @user_fields[fid.to_s] = custom_fields["user_field_#{fid}"]
      end
    end
    @user_fields
  end

  def title=(val)
    write_attribute(:title, val)
    if !new_record? && user_profile
      user_profile.update_column(:badge_granted_title, false)
    end
  end

  def number_of_deleted_posts
    Post.with_deleted
      .where(user_id: self.id)
      .where.not(deleted_at: nil)
      .count
  end

  def number_of_flagged_posts
    Post.with_deleted
      .where(user_id: self.id)
      .where(id: PostAction.where(post_action_type_id: PostActionType.notify_flag_type_ids)
                             .where(disagreed_at: nil)
                             .select(:post_id))
      .count
  end

  def number_of_flags_given
    PostAction.where(user_id: self.id)
      .where(disagreed_at: nil)
      .where(post_action_type_id: PostActionType.notify_flag_type_ids)
      .count
  end

  def number_of_suspensions
    UserHistory.for(self, :suspend_user).count
  end

  def create_user_profile
    UserProfile.create(user_id: id)
  end

  def anonymous?
    SiteSetting.allow_anonymous_posting &&
      trust_level >= 1 &&
      custom_fields["master_id"].to_i > 0
  end

  def is_singular_admin?
    User.where(admin: true).where.not(id: id).human_users.blank?
  end

  def logged_out
    MessageBus.publish "/logout", self.id, user_ids: [self.id]
    DiscourseEvent.trigger(:user_logged_out, self)
  end

  def logged_in
    DiscourseEvent.trigger(:user_logged_in, self)

    if !self.seen_before?
      DiscourseEvent.trigger(:user_first_logged_in, self)
    end
  end

  def set_automatic_groups
    return unless active && email_confirmed? && !staged

    Group.where(automatic: false)
      .where("LENGTH(COALESCE(automatic_membership_email_domains, '')) > 0")
      .each do |group|

      domains = group.automatic_membership_email_domains.gsub('.', '\.')

      if email =~ Regexp.new("@(#{domains})$", true) && !group.users.include?(self)
        group.add(self)
        GroupActionLogger.new(Discourse.system_user, group).log_add_user_to_group(self)
      end
    end
  end

  def email
    primary_email.email
  end

  def email=(email)
    if primary_email
      new_record? ? primary_email.email = email : primary_email.update(email: email)
    else
      build_primary_email(email: email)
    end
  end

  def recent_time_read
    self.created_at && self.created_at < 60.days.ago ?
      self.user_visits.where('visited_at >= ?', 60.days.ago).sum(:time_read) :
      self.user_stat&.time_read
  end

  protected

  def badge_grant
    BadgeGranter.queue_badge_grant(Badge::Trigger::UserChange, user: self)
  end

  def expire_old_email_tokens
    if saved_change_to_password_hash? && !saved_change_to_id?
      email_tokens.where('not expired').update_all(expired: true)
    end
  end

  def index_search
    SearchIndexer.index(self)
  end

  def clear_global_notice_if_needed
    return if id < 0

    if admin && SiteSetting.has_login_hint
      SiteSetting.has_login_hint = false
      SiteSetting.global_notice = ""
    end
  end

  def ensure_in_trust_level_group
    Group.user_trust_level_change!(id, trust_level)
  end

  def create_user_stat
    stat = UserStat.new(new_since: Time.now)
    stat.user_id = id
    stat.save!
  end

  def create_user_option
    UserOption.create(user_id: id)
  end

  def create_email_token
    email_tokens.create(email: email)
  end

  def ensure_password_is_hashed
    if @raw_password
      self.salt = SecureRandom.hex(16)
      self.password_hash = hash_password(@raw_password, salt)
    end
  end

  def expire_tokens_if_password_changed
    # NOTE: setting raw password is the only valid way of changing a password
    # the password field in the DB is actually hashed, nobody should be amending direct
    if @raw_password
      # Association in model may be out-of-sync
      UserAuthToken.where(user_id: id).destroy_all
      # We should not carry this around after save
      @raw_password = nil
      @password_required = false
    end
  end

  def hash_password(password, salt)
    raise StandardError.new("password is too long") if password.size > User.max_password_length
    Pbkdf2.hash_password(password, salt, Rails.configuration.pbkdf2_iterations, Rails.configuration.pbkdf2_algorithm)
  end

  def add_trust_level
    # there is a possibility we did not load trust level column, skip it
    return unless has_attribute? :trust_level
    self.trust_level ||= SiteSetting.default_trust_level
  end

  def update_username_lower
    self.username_lower = username.downcase
  end

  def username_validator
    username_format_validator || begin
      lower = username.downcase
      existing = User.find_by(username_lower: lower)
      if will_save_change_to_username? && existing && existing.id != self.id
        errors.add(:username, I18n.t(:'user.username.unique'))
      end
    end
  end

  def send_approval_email
    if SiteSetting.must_approve_users
      Jobs.enqueue(:critical_user_email,
        type: :signup_after_approval,
        user_id: id,
        email_token: email_tokens.first.token
      )
    end
  end

  def set_default_categories_preferences
    return if self.staged?

    values = []

    %w{watching watching_first_post tracking muted}.each do |s|
      category_ids = SiteSetting.send("default_categories_#{s}").split("|")
      category_ids.each do |category_id|
        values << "(#{self.id}, #{category_id}, #{CategoryUser.notification_levels[s.to_sym]})"
      end
    end

    if values.present?
      exec_sql("INSERT INTO category_users (user_id, category_id, notification_level) VALUES #{values.join(",")}")
    end
  end

  # Delete unactivated accounts (without verified email) that are over a week old
  def self.purge_unactivated
    return [] if SiteSetting.purge_unactivated_users_grace_period_days <= 0

    to_destroy = User.where(active: false)
      .joins('INNER JOIN user_stats AS us ON us.user_id = users.id')
      .where("created_at < ?", SiteSetting.purge_unactivated_users_grace_period_days.days.ago)
      .where('NOT admin AND NOT moderator')
      .limit(200)

    destroyer = UserDestroyer.new(Discourse.system_user)
    to_destroy.each do |u|
      begin
        destroyer.destroy(u, context: I18n.t(:purge_reason))
      rescue Discourse::InvalidAccess, UserDestroyer::PostsExistError
        # if for some reason the user can't be deleted, continue on to the next one
      end
    end
  end

  private

  def previous_visit_at_update_required?(timestamp)
    seen_before? && (last_seen_at < (timestamp - SiteSetting.previous_visit_timeout_hours.hours))
  end

  def update_previous_visit(timestamp)
    update_visit_record!(timestamp.to_date)
    if previous_visit_at_update_required?(timestamp)
      update_column(:previous_visit_at, last_seen_at)
    end
  end

  def trigger_user_created_event
    DiscourseEvent.trigger(:user_created, self)
    true
  end

  def set_skip_validate_email
    if self.primary_email
      self.primary_email.skip_validate_email = !should_validate_email_address?
    end

    true
  end

end

# == Schema Information
#
# Table name: users
#
#  id                        :integer          not null, primary key
#  username                  :string(60)       not null
#  created_at                :datetime         not null
#  updated_at                :datetime         not null
#  name                      :string(255)
#  seen_notification_id      :integer          default(0), not null
#  last_posted_at            :datetime
#  password_hash             :string(64)
#  salt                      :string(32)
#  active                    :boolean          default(FALSE), not null
#  username_lower            :string(60)       not null
#  last_seen_at              :datetime
#  admin                     :boolean          default(FALSE), not null
#  last_emailed_at           :datetime
#  trust_level               :integer          not null
#  approved                  :boolean          default(FALSE), not null
#  approved_by_id            :integer
#  approved_at               :datetime
#  previous_visit_at         :datetime
#  suspended_at              :datetime
#  suspended_till            :datetime
#  date_of_birth             :date
#  views                     :integer          default(0), not null
#  flag_level                :integer          default(0), not null
#  ip_address                :inet
#  moderator                 :boolean          default(FALSE)
#  title                     :string(255)
#  uploaded_avatar_id        :integer
#  primary_group_id          :integer
#  locale                    :string(10)
#  registration_ip_address   :inet
#  staged                    :boolean          default(FALSE), not null
#  first_seen_at             :datetime
#  silenced_till             :datetime
#  group_locked_trust_level  :integer
#  manual_locked_trust_level :integer
#
# Indexes
#
#  idx_users_admin                    (id)
#  idx_users_moderator                (id)
#  index_users_on_last_posted_at      (last_posted_at)
#  index_users_on_last_seen_at        (last_seen_at)
#  index_users_on_uploaded_avatar_id  (uploaded_avatar_id)
#  index_users_on_username            (username) UNIQUE
#  index_users_on_username_lower      (username_lower) UNIQUE
#