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django/contrib/admin/views/main.py

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from datetime import datetime, timedelta

from django import forms
from django.conf import settings
from django.contrib import messages
from django.contrib.admin import FieldListFilter
from django.contrib.admin.exceptions import (
    DisallowedModelAdminLookup, DisallowedModelAdminToField,
)
from django.contrib.admin.options import (
    IS_POPUP_VAR, TO_FIELD_VAR, IncorrectLookupParameters,
)
from django.contrib.admin.utils import (
    get_fields_from_path, lookup_needs_distinct, prepare_lookup_value, quote,
)
from django.core.exceptions import (
    FieldDoesNotExist, ImproperlyConfigured, SuspiciousOperation,
)
from django.core.paginator import InvalidPage
from django.db.models import F, Field, ManyToOneRel, OrderBy
from django.db.models.expressions import Combinable
from django.urls import reverse
from django.utils.http import urlencode
from django.utils.timezone import make_aware
from django.utils.translation import gettext

# Changelist settings
ALL_VAR = 'all'
ORDER_VAR = 'o'
ORDER_TYPE_VAR = 'ot'
PAGE_VAR = 'p'
SEARCH_VAR = 'q'
ERROR_FLAG = 'e'

IGNORED_PARAMS = (
    ALL_VAR, ORDER_VAR, ORDER_TYPE_VAR, SEARCH_VAR, IS_POPUP_VAR, TO_FIELD_VAR)


class ChangeListSearchForm(forms.Form):
    def __init__(self, *args, **kwargs):
        super().__init__(*args, **kwargs)
        # Populate "fields" dynamically because SEARCH_VAR is a variable:
        self.fields = {
            SEARCH_VAR: forms.CharField(required=False, strip=False),
        }


class ChangeList:
    search_form_class = ChangeListSearchForm

    def __init__(self, request, model, list_display, list_display_links,
                 list_filter, date_hierarchy, search_fields, list_select_related,
                 list_per_page, list_max_show_all, list_editable, model_admin, sortable_by):
        self.model = model
        self.opts = model._meta
        self.lookup_opts = self.opts
        self.root_queryset = model_admin.get_queryset(request)
        self.list_display = list_display
        self.list_display_links = list_display_links
        self.list_filter = list_filter
        self.has_filters = None
        self.date_hierarchy = date_hierarchy
        self.search_fields = search_fields
        self.list_select_related = list_select_related
        self.list_per_page = list_per_page
        self.list_max_show_all = list_max_show_all
        self.model_admin = model_admin
        self.preserved_filters = model_admin.get_preserved_filters(request)
        self.sortable_by = sortable_by

        # Get search parameters from the query string.
        _search_form = self.search_form_class(request.GET)
        if not _search_form.is_valid():
            for error in _search_form.errors.values():
                messages.error(request, ', '.join(error))
        self.query = _search_form.cleaned_data.get(SEARCH_VAR) or ''
        try:
            self.page_num = int(request.GET.get(PAGE_VAR, 0))
        except ValueError:
            self.page_num = 0
        self.show_all = ALL_VAR in request.GET
        self.is_popup = IS_POPUP_VAR in request.GET
        to_field = request.GET.get(TO_FIELD_VAR)
        if to_field and not model_admin.to_field_allowed(request, to_field):
            raise DisallowedModelAdminToField("The field %s cannot be referenced." % to_field)
        self.to_field = to_field
        self.params = dict(request.GET.items())
        if PAGE_VAR in self.params:
            del self.params[PAGE_VAR]
        if ERROR_FLAG in self.params:
            del self.params[ERROR_FLAG]

        if self.is_popup:
            self.list_editable = ()
        else:
            self.list_editable = list_editable
        self.queryset = self.get_queryset(request)
        self.get_results(request)
        if self.is_popup:
            title = gettext('Select %s')
        elif self.model_admin.has_change_permission(request):
            title = gettext('Select %s to change')
        else:
            title = gettext('Select %s to view')
        self.title = title % self.opts.verbose_name
        self.pk_attname = self.lookup_opts.pk.attname

    def get_filters_params(self, params=None):
        """
        Return all params except IGNORED_PARAMS.
        """
        params = params or self.params
        lookup_params = params.copy()  # a dictionary of the query string
        # Remove all the parameters that are globally and systematically
        # ignored.
        for ignored in IGNORED_PARAMS:
            if ignored in lookup_params:
                del lookup_params[ignored]
        return lookup_params

    def get_filters(self, request):
        lookup_params = self.get_filters_params()
        use_distinct = False

        for key, value in lookup_params.items():
            if not self.model_admin.lookup_allowed(key, value):
                raise DisallowedModelAdminLookup("Filtering by %s not allowed" % key)

        filter_specs = []
        for list_filter in self.list_filter:
            if callable(list_filter):
                # This is simply a custom list filter class.
                spec = list_filter(request, lookup_params, self.model, self.model_admin)
            else:
                field_path = None
                if isinstance(list_filter, (tuple, list)):
                    # This is a custom FieldListFilter class for a given field.
                    field, field_list_filter_class = list_filter
                else:
                    # This is simply a field name, so use the default
                    # FieldListFilter class that has been registered for the
                    # type of the given field.
                    field, field_list_filter_class = list_filter, FieldListFilter.create
                if not isinstance(field, Field):
                    field_path = field
                    field = get_fields_from_path(self.model, field_path)[-1]

                lookup_params_count = len(lookup_params)
                spec = field_list_filter_class(
                    field, request, lookup_params,
                    self.model, self.model_admin, field_path=field_path,
                )
                # field_list_filter_class removes any lookup_params it
                # processes. If that happened, check if distinct() is needed to
                # remove duplicate results.
                if lookup_params_count > len(lookup_params):
                    use_distinct = use_distinct or lookup_needs_distinct(self.lookup_opts, field_path)
            if spec and spec.has_output():
                filter_specs.append(spec)

        if self.date_hierarchy:
            # Create bounded lookup parameters so that the query is more
            # efficient.
            year = lookup_params.pop('%s__year' % self.date_hierarchy, None)
            if year is not None:
                month = lookup_params.pop('%s__month' % self.date_hierarchy, None)
                day = lookup_params.pop('%s__day' % self.date_hierarchy, None)
                try:
                    from_date = datetime(
                        int(year),
                        int(month if month is not None else 1),
                        int(day if day is not None else 1),
                    )
                except ValueError as e:
                    raise IncorrectLookupParameters(e) from e
                if day:
                    to_date = from_date + timedelta(days=1)
                elif month:
                    # In this branch, from_date will always be the first of a
                    # month, so advancing 32 days gives the next month.
                    to_date = (from_date + timedelta(days=32)).replace(day=1)
                else:
                    to_date = from_date.replace(year=from_date.year + 1)
                if settings.USE_TZ:
                    from_date = make_aware(from_date)
                    to_date = make_aware(to_date)
                lookup_params.update({
                    '%s__gte' % self.date_hierarchy: from_date,
                    '%s__lt' % self.date_hierarchy: to_date,
                })

        # At this point, all the parameters used by the various ListFilters
        # have been removed from lookup_params, which now only contains other
        # parameters passed via the query string. We now loop through the
        # remaining parameters both to ensure that all the parameters are valid
        # fields and to determine if at least one of them needs distinct(). If
        # the lookup parameters aren't real fields, then bail out.
        try:
            for key, value in lookup_params.items():
                lookup_params[key] = prepare_lookup_value(key, value)
                use_distinct = use_distinct or lookup_needs_distinct(self.lookup_opts, key)
            return filter_specs, bool(filter_specs), lookup_params, use_distinct
        except FieldDoesNotExist as e:
            raise IncorrectLookupParameters(e) from e

    def get_query_string(self, new_params=None, remove=None):
        if new_params is None:
            new_params = {}
        if remove is None:
            remove = []
        p = self.params.copy()
        for r in remove:
            for k in list(p):
                if k.startswith(r):
                    del p[k]
        for k, v in new_params.items():
            if v is None:
                if k in p:
                    del p[k]
            else:
                p[k] = v
        return '?%s' % urlencode(sorted(p.items()))

    def get_results(self, request):
        paginator = self.model_admin.get_paginator(request, self.queryset, self.list_per_page)
        # Get the number of objects, with admin filters applied.
        result_count = paginator.count

        # Get the total number of objects, with no admin filters applied.
        if self.model_admin.show_full_result_count:
            full_result_count = self.root_queryset.count()
        else:
            full_result_count = None
        can_show_all = result_count <= self.list_max_show_all
        multi_page = result_count > self.list_per_page

        # Get the list of objects to display on this page.
        if (self.show_all and can_show_all) or not multi_page:
            result_list = self.queryset._clone()
        else:
            try:
                result_list = paginator.page(self.page_num + 1).object_list
            except InvalidPage:
                raise IncorrectLookupParameters

        self.result_count = result_count
        self.show_full_result_count = self.model_admin.show_full_result_count
        # Admin actions are shown if there is at least one entry
        # or if entries are not counted because show_full_result_count is disabled
        self.show_admin_actions = not self.show_full_result_count or bool(full_result_count)
        self.full_result_count = full_result_count
        self.result_list = result_list
        self.can_show_all = can_show_all
        self.multi_page = multi_page
        self.paginator = paginator

    def _get_default_ordering(self):
        ordering = []
        if self.model_admin.ordering:
            ordering = self.model_admin.ordering
        elif self.lookup_opts.ordering:
            ordering = self.lookup_opts.ordering
        return ordering

    def get_ordering_field(self, field_name):
        """
        Return the proper model field name corresponding to the given
        field_name to use for ordering. field_name may either be the name of a
        proper model field or the name of a method (on the admin or model) or a
        callable with the 'admin_order_field' attribute. Return None if no
        proper model field name can be matched.
        """
        try:
            field = self.lookup_opts.get_field(field_name)
            return field.name
        except FieldDoesNotExist:
            # See whether field_name is a name of a non-field
            # that allows sorting.
            if callable(field_name):
                attr = field_name
            elif hasattr(self.model_admin, field_name):
                attr = getattr(self.model_admin, field_name)
            else:
                attr = getattr(self.model, field_name)
            if isinstance(attr, property) and hasattr(attr, 'fget'):
                attr = attr.fget
            return getattr(attr, 'admin_order_field', None)

    def get_ordering(self, request, queryset):
        """
        Return the list of ordering fields for the change list.
        First check the get_ordering() method in model admin, then check
        the object's default ordering. Then, any manually-specified ordering
        from the query string overrides anything. Finally, a deterministic
        order is guaranteed by calling _get_deterministic_ordering() with the
        constructed ordering.
        """
        params = self.params
        ordering = list(self.model_admin.get_ordering(request) or self._get_default_ordering())
        if ORDER_VAR in params:
            # Clear ordering and used params
            ordering = []
            order_params = params[ORDER_VAR].split('.')
            for p in order_params:
                try:
                    none, pfx, idx = p.rpartition('-')
                    field_name = self.list_display[int(idx)]
                    order_field = self.get_ordering_field(field_name)
                    if not order_field:
                        continue  # No 'admin_order_field', skip it
                    if isinstance(order_field, OrderBy):
                        if pfx == '-':
                            order_field = order_field.copy()
                            order_field.reverse_ordering()
                        ordering.append(order_field)
                    elif hasattr(order_field, 'resolve_expression'):
                        # order_field is an expression.
                        ordering.append(order_field.desc() if pfx == '-' else order_field.asc())
                    # reverse order if order_field has already "-" as prefix
                    elif order_field.startswith('-') and pfx == '-':
                        ordering.append(order_field[1:])
                    else:
                        ordering.append(pfx + order_field)
                except (IndexError, ValueError):
                    continue  # Invalid ordering specified, skip it.

        # Add the given query's ordering fields, if any.
        ordering.extend(queryset.query.order_by)

        return self._get_deterministic_ordering(ordering)

    def _get_deterministic_ordering(self, ordering):
        """
        Ensure a deterministic order across all database backends. Search for a
        single field or unique together set of fields providing a total
        ordering. If these are missing, augment the ordering with a descendant
        primary key.
        """
        ordering = list(ordering)
        ordering_fields = set()
        total_ordering_fields = {'pk'} | {
            field.attname for field in self.lookup_opts.fields
            if field.unique and not field.null
        }
        for part in ordering:
            # Search for single field providing a total ordering.
            field_name = None
            if isinstance(part, str):
                field_name = part.lstrip('-')
            elif isinstance(part, F):
                field_name = part.name
            elif isinstance(part, OrderBy) and isinstance(part.expression, F):
                field_name = part.expression.name
            if field_name:
                # Normalize attname references by using get_field().
                try:
                    field = self.lookup_opts.get_field(field_name)
                except FieldDoesNotExist:
                    # Could be "?" for random ordering or a related field
                    # lookup. Skip this part of introspection for now.
                    continue
                # Ordering by a related field name orders by the referenced
                # model's ordering. Skip this part of introspection for now.
                if field.remote_field and field_name == field.name:
                    continue
                if field.attname in total_ordering_fields:
                    break
                ordering_fields.add(field.attname)
        else:
            # No single total ordering field, try unique_together and total
            # unique constraints.
            constraint_field_names = (
                *self.lookup_opts.unique_together,
                *(
                    constraint.fields
                    for constraint in self.lookup_opts.total_unique_constraints
                ),
            )
            for field_names in constraint_field_names:
                # Normalize attname references by using get_field().
                fields = [self.lookup_opts.get_field(field_name) for field_name in field_names]
                # Composite unique constraints containing a nullable column
                # cannot ensure total ordering.
                if any(field.null for field in fields):
                    continue
                if ordering_fields.issuperset(field.attname for field in fields):
                    break
            else:
                # If no set of unique fields is present in the ordering, rely
                # on the primary key to provide total ordering.
                ordering.append('-pk')
        return ordering

    def get_ordering_field_columns(self):
        """
        Return a dictionary of ordering field column numbers and asc/desc.
        """
        # We must cope with more than one column having the same underlying sort
        # field, so we base things on column numbers.
        ordering = self._get_default_ordering()
        ordering_fields = {}
        if ORDER_VAR not in self.params:
            # for ordering specified on ModelAdmin or model Meta, we don't know
            # the right column numbers absolutely, because there might be more
            # than one column associated with that ordering, so we guess.
            for field in ordering:
                if isinstance(field, (Combinable, OrderBy)):
                    if not isinstance(field, OrderBy):
                        field = field.asc()
                    if isinstance(field.expression, F):
                        order_type = 'desc' if field.descending else 'asc'
                        field = field.expression.name
                    else:
                        continue
                elif field.startswith('-'):
                    field = field[1:]
                    order_type = 'desc'
                else:
                    order_type = 'asc'
                for index, attr in enumerate(self.list_display):
                    if self.get_ordering_field(attr) == field:
                        ordering_fields[index] = order_type
                        break
        else:
            for p in self.params[ORDER_VAR].split('.'):
                none, pfx, idx = p.rpartition('-')
                try:
                    idx = int(idx)
                except ValueError:
                    continue  # skip it
                ordering_fields[idx] = 'desc' if pfx == '-' else 'asc'
        return ordering_fields

    def get_queryset(self, request):
        # First, we collect all the declared list filters.
        (self.filter_specs, self.has_filters, remaining_lookup_params,
         filters_use_distinct) = self.get_filters(request)

        # Then, we let every list filter modify the queryset to its liking.
        qs = self.root_queryset
        for filter_spec in self.filter_specs:
            new_qs = filter_spec.queryset(request, qs)
            if new_qs is not None:
                qs = new_qs

        try:
            # Finally, we apply the remaining lookup parameters from the query
            # string (i.e. those that haven't already been processed by the
            # filters).
            qs = qs.filter(**remaining_lookup_params)
        except (SuspiciousOperation, ImproperlyConfigured):
            # Allow certain types of errors to be re-raised as-is so that the
            # caller can treat them in a special way.
            raise
        except Exception as e:
            # Every other error is caught with a naked except, because we don't
            # have any other way of validating lookup parameters. They might be
            # invalid if the keyword arguments are incorrect, or if the values
            # are not in the correct type, so we might get FieldError,
            # ValueError, ValidationError, or ?.
            raise IncorrectLookupParameters(e)

        if not qs.query.select_related:
            qs = self.apply_select_related(qs)

        # Set ordering.
        ordering = self.get_ordering(request, qs)
        qs = qs.order_by(*ordering)

        # Apply search results
        qs, search_use_distinct = self.model_admin.get_search_results(request, qs, self.query)

        # Remove duplicates from results, if necessary
        if filters_use_distinct | search_use_distinct:
            return qs.distinct()
        else:
            return qs

    def apply_select_related(self, qs):
        if self.list_select_related is True:
            return qs.select_related()

        if self.list_select_related is False:
            if self.has_related_field_in_list_display():
                return qs.select_related()

        if self.list_select_related:
            return qs.select_related(*self.list_select_related)
        return qs

    def has_related_field_in_list_display(self):
        for field_name in self.list_display:
            try:
                field = self.lookup_opts.get_field(field_name)
            except FieldDoesNotExist:
                pass
            else:
                if isinstance(field.remote_field, ManyToOneRel):
                    # <FK>_id field names don't require a join.
                    if field_name != field.get_attname():
                        return True
        return False

    def url_for_result(self, result):
        pk = getattr(result, self.pk_attname)
        return reverse('admin:%s_%s_change' % (self.opts.app_label,
                                               self.opts.model_name),
                       args=(quote(pk),),
                       current_app=self.model_admin.admin_site.name)