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django/contrib/gis/serializers/geojson.py

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from django.contrib.gis.gdal import CoordTransform, SpatialReference
from django.core.serializers.base import SerializerDoesNotExist
from django.core.serializers.json import Serializer as JSONSerializer


class Serializer(JSONSerializer):
    """
    Convert a queryset to GeoJSON, http://geojson.org/
    """
    def _init_options(self):
        super()._init_options()
        self.geometry_field = self.json_kwargs.pop('geometry_field', None)
        self.srid = self.json_kwargs.pop('srid', 4326)
        if (self.selected_fields is not None and self.geometry_field is not None and
                self.geometry_field not in self.selected_fields):
            self.selected_fields = [*self.selected_fields, self.geometry_field]

    def start_serialization(self):
        self._init_options()
        self._cts = {}  # cache of CoordTransform's
        self.stream.write(
            '{"type": "FeatureCollection", "crs": {"type": "name", "properties": {"name": "EPSG:%d"}},'
            ' "features": [' % self.srid)

    def end_serialization(self):
        self.stream.write(']}')

    def start_object(self, obj):
        super().start_object(obj)
        self._geometry = None
        if self.geometry_field is None:
            # Find the first declared geometry field
            for field in obj._meta.fields:
                if hasattr(field, 'geom_type'):
                    self.geometry_field = field.name
                    break

    def get_dump_object(self, obj):
        data = {
            "type": "Feature",
            "properties": self._current,
        }
        if ((self.selected_fields is None or 'pk' in self.selected_fields) and
                'pk' not in data["properties"]):
            data["properties"]["pk"] = obj._meta.pk.value_to_string(obj)
        if self._geometry:
            if self._geometry.srid != self.srid:
                # If needed, transform the geometry in the srid of the global geojson srid
                if self._geometry.srid not in self._cts:
                    srs = SpatialReference(self.srid)
                    self._cts[self._geometry.srid] = CoordTransform(self._geometry.srs, srs)
                self._geometry.transform(self._cts[self._geometry.srid])
            data["geometry"] = eval(self._geometry.geojson)
        else:
            data["geometry"] = None
        return data

    def handle_field(self, obj, field):
        if field.name == self.geometry_field:
            self._geometry = field.value_from_object(obj)
        else:
            super().handle_field(obj, field)


class Deserializer:
    def __init__(self, *args, **kwargs):
        raise SerializerDoesNotExist("geojson is a serialization-only serializer")