src/pyff/locks.py

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# source http://code.activestate.com/recipes/502283/ (r1)
# -*- coding: iso-8859-15 -*-
"""locks.py - Read-Write lock thread lock implementation

See the class documentation for more info.

Copyright (C) 2007, Heiko Wundram.
Released under the BSD-license.
"""

from contextlib import contextmanager
from threading import Condition, Lock, currentThread
from time import time


# Read write lock
# ---------------


class ReadWriteLock(object):
    """Read-Write lock class. A read-write lock differs from a standard
    threading.RLock() by allowing multiple threads to simultaneously hold a
    read lock, while allowing only a single thread to hold a write lock at the
    same point of time.

    When a read lock is requested while a write lock is held, the reader
    is blocked; when a write lock is requested while another write lock is
    held or there are read locks, the writer is blocked.

    Writers are always preferred by this implementation: if there are blocked
    threads waiting for a write lock, current readers may request more read
    locks (which they eventually should free, as they starve the waiting
    writers otherwise), but a new thread requesting a read lock will not
    be granted one, and block. This might mean starvation for readers if
    two writer threads interweave their calls to acquireWrite() without
    leaving a window only for readers.

    In case a current reader requests a write lock, this can and will be
    satisfied without giving up the read locks first, but, only one thread
    may perform this kind of lock upgrade, as a deadlock would otherwise
    occur. After the write lock has been granted, the thread will hold a
    full write lock, and not be downgraded after the upgrading call to
    acquireWrite() has been match by a corresponding release().
    """

    def __init__(self):
        """Initialize this read-write lock."""

        # Condition variable, used to signal waiters of a change in object
        # state.
        self.__condition = Condition(Lock())

        # Initialize with no writers.
        self.__writer = None
        self.__upgradewritercount = 0
        self.__pendingwriters = []
        self.__writercount = 0

        # Initialize with no readers.
        self.__readers = {}

    def acquireRead(self, blocking=True, timeout=None):
        """Acquire a read lock for the current thread, waiting at most timeout seconds or doing a
        non-blocking check in case timeout is <= 0.

    * In case timeout is None, the call to acquireRead blocks until the lock request can be serviced.
    * In case the timeout expires before the lock could be serviced, a RuntimeError is thrown."""

        if not blocking:
            endtime = -1
        elif timeout is not None:
            endtime = time() + timeout
        else:
            endtime = None
        me = currentThread()
        self.__condition.acquire()
        try:
            if self.__writer is me:
                # If we are the writer, grant a new read lock, always.
                self.__writercount += 1
                return
            while True:
                if self.__writer is None:
                    # Only test anything if there is no current writer.
                    if self.__upgradewritercount or self.__pendingwriters:
                        if me in self.__readers:
                            # Only grant a read lock if we already have one
                            # in case writers are waiting for their turn.
                            # This means that writers can't easily get starved
                            # (but see below, readers can).
                            self.__readers[me] += 1
                            return
                            # No, we aren't a reader (yet), wait for our turn.
                    else:
                        # Grant a new read lock, always, in case there are
                        # no pending writers (and no writer).
                        self.__readers[me] = self.__readers.get(me, 0) + 1
                        return
                if endtime is not None:
                    remaining = endtime - time()
                    if remaining <= 0:
                        # Timeout has expired, signal caller of this.
                        raise RuntimeError("Acquiring read lock timed out")
                    self.__condition.wait(remaining)
                else:
                    self.__condition.wait()
        finally:
            self.__condition.release()

    @property
    @contextmanager
    def readlock(self):
        """Yields a read lock
        """
        self.acquireRead()
        try:
            yield
        finally:
            self.release()

    @property
    @contextmanager
    def writelock(self):
        """Yields a write lock
        """
        self.acquireWrite()
        try:
            yield
        finally:
            self.release()

    def acquireWrite(self, timeout=None):
        """Acquire a write lock for the current thread, waiting at most timeout seconds or doing a non-blocking
        check in case timeout is <= 0.

    * In case the write lock cannot be serviced due to the deadlock condition mentioned above, a ValueError is raised.
    * In case timeout is None, the call to acquireWrite blocks until the lock request can be serviced.
    * In case the timeout expires before the lock could be serviced, a RuntimeError is thrown."""

        endtime = None
        if timeout is not None:
            endtime = time() + timeout
        me, upgradewriter = currentThread(), False
        self.__condition.acquire()
        try:
            if self.__writer is me:
                # If we are the writer, grant a new write lock, always.
                self.__writercount += 1
                return
            elif me in self.__readers:
                # If we are a reader, no need to add us to pendingwriters,
                # we get the upgradewriter slot.
                if self.__upgradewritercount:
                    # If we are a reader and want to upgrade, and someone
                    # else also wants to upgrade, there is no way we can do
                    # this except if one of us releases all his read locks.
                    # Signal this to user.
                    raise ValueError(
                        "Inevitable dead lock, denying write lock"
                    )
                upgradewriter = True
                self.__upgradewritercount = self.__readers.pop(me)
            else:
                # We aren't a reader, so add us to the pending writers queue
                # for synchronization with the readers.
                self.__pendingwriters.append(me)
            while True:
                if not self.__readers and self.__writer is None:
                    # Only test anything if there are no readers and writers.
                    if self.__upgradewritercount:
                        if upgradewriter:
                            # There is a writer to upgrade, and it's us. Take
                            # the write lock.
                            self.__writer = me
                            self.__writercount = self.__upgradewritercount + 1
                            self.__upgradewritercount = 0
                            return
                            # There is a writer to upgrade, but it's not us.
                            # Always leave the upgrade writer the advance slot,
                            # because he presumes he'll get a write lock directly
                            # from a previously held read lock.
                    elif self.__pendingwriters[0] is me:
                        # If there are no readers and writers, it's always
                        # fine for us to take the writer slot, removing us
                        # from the pending writers queue.
                        # This might mean starvation for readers, though.
                        self.__writer = me
                        self.__writercount = 1
                        self.__pendingwriters = self.__pendingwriters[1:]
                        return
                if timeout is not None:
                    remaining = endtime - time()
                    if remaining <= 0:
                        # Timeout has expired, signal caller of this.
                        if upgradewriter:
                            # Put us back on the reader queue. No need to
                            # signal anyone of this change, because no other
                            # writer could've taken our spot before we got
                            # here (because of remaining readers), as the test
                            # for proper conditions is at the start of the
                            # loop, not at the end.
                            self.__readers[me] = self.__upgradewritercount
                            self.__upgradewritercount = 0
                        else:
                            # We were a simple pending writer, just remove us
                            # from the FIFO list.
                            self.__pendingwriters.remove(me)
                        raise RuntimeError("Acquiring write lock timed out")
                    self.__condition.wait(remaining)
                else:
                    self.__condition.wait()
        finally:
            self.__condition.release()

    def release(self):
        """Release the currently held lock.

    * In case the current thread holds no lock, a ValueError is thrown."""

        me = currentThread()
        self.__condition.acquire()
        try:
            if self.__writer is me:
                # We are the writer, take one nesting depth away.
                self.__writercount -= 1
                if not self.__writercount:
                    # No more write locks; take our writer position away and
                    # notify waiters of the new circumstances.
                    self.__writer = None
                    self.__condition.notifyAll()
            elif me in self.__readers:
                # We are a reader currently, take one nesting depth away.
                self.__readers[me] -= 1
                if not self.__readers[me]:
                    # No more read locks, take our reader position away.
                    del self.__readers[me]
                    if not self.__readers:
                        # No more readers, notify waiters of the new
                        # circumstances.
                        self.__condition.notifyAll()
            else:
                raise ValueError("Trying to release unheld lock")
        finally:
            self.__condition.release()