rapid7/metasploit-framework

View on GitHub
plugins/nexpose.rb

Summary

Maintainability
F
6 days
Test Coverage
#
# $Id$
#
# This plugin provides integration with Rapid7 Nexpose
#
# $Revision$
#
require 'nexpose'

module Msf
  Nexpose_yaml = "#{Msf::Config.get_config_root}/nexpose.yaml" #location of the nexpose.yml containing saved nexpose creds

class Plugin::Nexpose < Msf::Plugin
  class NexposeCommandDispatcher
    include Msf::Ui::Console::CommandDispatcher

    def name
      "Nexpose"
    end

    def commands
      {
        'nexpose_connect'        => "Connect to a running Nexpose instance ( user:pass@host[:port] )",
        'nexpose_save'           => "Save credentials to a Nexpose instance",
        'nexpose_activity'       => "Display any active scan jobs on the Nexpose instance",

        'nexpose_scan'           => "Launch a Nexpose scan against a specific IP range and import the results",
        'nexpose_discover'       => "Launch a scan but only perform host and minimal service discovery",
        'nexpose_exhaustive'     => "Launch a scan covering all TCP ports and all authorized safe checks",
        'nexpose_dos'            => "Launch a scan that includes checks that can crash services and devices (caution)",

        'nexpose_disconnect'     => "Disconnect from an active Nexpose instance",

        'nexpose_sites'          => "List all defined sites",
        'nexpose_site_devices'   => "List all discovered devices within a site",
        'nexpose_site_import'    => "Import data from the specified site ID",
        'nexpose_report_templates' => "List all available report templates",
        'nexpose_command'        => "Execute a console command on the Nexpose instance",
        'nexpose_sysinfo'        => "Display detailed system information about the Nexpose instance",

        # TODO:
        # nexpose_stop_scan
      }
    end

    def nexpose_verify_db
      if ! (framework.db and framework.db.usable and framework.db.active)
        print_error("No database has been configured, please use db_create/db_connect first")
        return false
      end

      true
    end

    def nexpose_verify
      return false if not nexpose_verify_db

      if ! @nsc
        print_error("No active Nexpose instance has been configured, please use 'nexpose_connect'")
        return false
      end

      true
    end

    def cmd_nexpose_save(*args)
      #if we are logged in, save session details to nexpose.yaml
      if args[0] == "-h"
        print_status("Usage: ")
        print_status("       nexpose_save")
        return
      end

      if args[0]
        print_status("Usage: ")
        print_status("       nexpose_save")
        return
      end

      group = "default"

      if ((@user and @user.length > 0) and (@host and @host.length > 0) and (@port and @port.length > 0 and @port.to_i > 0) and (@pass and @pass.length > 0))
        config = {"#{group}" => {'username' => @user, 'password' => @pass, 'server' => @host, 'port' => @port, 'trust_cert' => @trust_cert}}
        ::File.open("#{Nexpose_yaml}", "wb") { |f| f.puts YAML.dump(config) }
        print_good("#{Nexpose_yaml} created.")
      else
        print_error("Missing username/password/server/port - relogin and then try again.")
        return
      end
    end

    def cmd_nexpose_connect(*args)
      return if not nexpose_verify_db

      if ! args[0]
        if ::File.readable?("#{Nexpose_yaml}")
          lconfig = YAML.load_file("#{Nexpose_yaml}")
          @user = lconfig['default']['username']
          @pass = lconfig['default']['password']
          @host = lconfig['default']['server']
          @port = lconfig['default']['port']
          @trust_cert = lconfig['default']['trust_cert']
          unless @trust_cert
            @sslv = "ok" # TODO: Not super-thrilled about bypassing the SSL warning...
          end
          nexpose_login
          return
        end
      end

      if(args.length == 0 or args[0].empty? or args[0] == "-h")
        nexpose_usage
        return
      end

      @user = @pass = @host = @port = @sslv = @trust_cert = @trust_cert_file = nil

      case args.length
      when 1,2
        cred,_split,targ = args[0].rpartition('@')
        @user,@pass = cred.split(':', 2)
        targ ||= '127.0.0.1:3780'
        @host,@port = targ.split(':', 2)
        @port ||= '3780'
        unless args.length == 1
          @trust_cert_file = args[1]
          if File.exists? @trust_cert_file
            @trust_cert = File.read(@trust_cert_file)
          else
            @sslv = @trust_cert_file
          end
        end
      when 4,5
        @user,@pass,@host,@port,@trust_cert = args
        unless args.length == 4
          @trust_cert_file = @trust_cert
          if File.exists? @trust_cert_file
            @trust_cert = File.read(@trust_cert_file)
          else
            @sslv = @trust_cert_file
          end
        end
      else
        nexpose_usage
        return
      end
      nexpose_login
    end

    def nexpose_usage
      print_status("Usage: ")
      print_status("       nexpose_connect username:password@host[:port] <ssl-confirm || trusted_cert_file>")
      print_status("        -OR- ")
      print_status("       nexpose_connect username password host port <ssl-confirm || trusted_cert_file>")
    end

    def nexpose_login

      if ! ((@user and @user.length > 0) and (@host and @host.length > 0) and (@port and @port.length > 0 and @port.to_i > 0) and (@pass and @pass.length > 0))
        nexpose_usage
        return
      end

      if(@host != "localhost" and @host != "127.0.0.1" and (@trust_cert.nil? && @sslv != "ok"))
        # consider removing this message and replacing with check on trust_store, and if trust_store is not found validate @host already has a truly trusted cert?
        print_error("Warning: SSL connections are not verified in this release, it is possible for an attacker")
        print_error("         with the ability to man-in-the-middle the Nexpose traffic to capture the Nexpose")
        print_error("         credentials. If you are running this on a trusted network, please pass in 'ok'")
        print_error("         as an additional parameter to this command.")
        return
      end

      # Wrap this so a duplicate session does not prevent a new login
      begin
        cmd_nexpose_disconnect
      rescue ::Interrupt
        raise $!
      rescue ::Exception
      end

      begin
        print_status("Connecting to Nexpose instance at #{@host}:#{@port} with username #{@user}...")
        nsc = Nexpose::Connection.new(@host, @user, @pass, @port, nil, nil, @trust_cert)
        nsc.login
      rescue ::Nexpose::APIError => e
        print_error("Connection failed: #{e.reason}")
        return
      end

      @nsc = nsc
      nexpose_compatibility_check
      nsc
    end

    def cmd_nexpose_activity(*args)
      return if not nexpose_verify

      scans = @nsc.scan_activity || []
      case scans.length
      when 0
        print_status("There are currently no active scan jobs on this Nexpose instance")
      when 1
        print_status("There is 1 active scan job on this Nexpose instance")
      else
        print_status("There are currently #{scans.length} active scan jobs on this Nexpose instance")
      end

      scans.each do |scan|
        print_status("    Scan ##{scan.scan_id} is running on Engine ##{scan.engine_id} against site ##{scan.site_id} since #{scan.start_time.to_s}")
      end
    end

    def cmd_nexpose_sites(*args)
      return if not nexpose_verify

      sites = @nsc.list_sites || []
      case sites.length
      when 0
        print_status("There are currently no active sites on this Nexpose instance")
      end

      sites.each do |site|
        print_status("    Site ##{site.id} '#{site.name}' Risk Factor: #{site.risk_factor} Risk Score: #{site.risk_score}")
      end
    end

    def cmd_nexpose_site_devices(*args)
      return if not nexpose_verify

      site_id = args.shift
      if not site_id
        print_error("No site ID was specified")
        return
      end

      devices = @nsc.list_site_devices(site_id) || []
      case devices.length
      when 0
        print_status("There are currently no devices within this site")
      end

      devices.each do |device|
        print_status("    Host: #{device.address} ID: #{device.id} Risk Factor: #{device.risk_factor} Risk Score: #{device.risk_score}")
      end
    end

    def cmd_nexpose_report_templates(*args)
      return if not nexpose_verify

      res = @nsc.list_report_templates || []

      res.each do |report|
        print_status("    Template: #{report.id} Name: '#{report.name}' Description: #{report.description}")
      end
    end

    def cmd_nexpose_command(*args)
      return if not nexpose_verify

      if args.length == 0
        print_error("No command was specified")
        return
      end

      res = @nsc.console_command(args.join(" ")) || ""

      print_status("Command Output")
      print_line(res)
      print_line("")

    end

    def cmd_nexpose_sysinfo(*args)
      return if not nexpose_verify

      res = @nsc.system_information

      print_status("System Information")
      res.each_pair do |k,v|
        print_status("    #{k}: #{v}")
      end
    end

    def nexpose_compatibility_check
      res = @nsc.console_command("ver")
      if res !~ /^(NSC|Console) Version ID:\s*4[89]0\s*$/m
        print_error("")
        print_error("Warning: This version of Nexpose has not been tested with Metasploit!")
        print_error("")
      end
    end

    def cmd_nexpose_site_import(*args)
      site_id = args.shift
      if not site_id
        print_error("No site ID was specified")
        return
      end

      msfid = Time.now.to_i

      report_formats = ["raw-xml-v2", "ns-xml"]
      report_format  = report_formats.shift

      report = Nexpose::ReportConfig.build(@nsc, site_id, "Metasploit Export #{msfid}", "pentest-audit", report_format, true)
      report.delivery = Nexpose::Delivery.new(true)

      begin
        report.format = report_format
        report.save(@nsc)
      rescue ::Exception => e
        report_format = report_formats.shift
        if report_format
          retry
        end
        raise e
      end

      print_status("Generating the export data file...")
      last_report = nil
      while(! last_report)
        last_report = @nsc.last_report(report.id)
        select(nil, nil, nil, 1.0)
      end
      url = last_report.uri

      print_status("Downloading the export data...")
      data = @nsc.download(url)

      # Delete the temporary report ID
      @nsc.delete_report_config(report.id)

      print_status("Importing Nexpose data...")
      process_nexpose_data(report_format, data)

    end

    def cmd_nexpose_discover(*args)
      args << "-h" if args.length == 0
      args << "-t"
      args << "aggressive-discovery"
      cmd_nexpose_scan(*args)
    end

    def cmd_nexpose_exhaustive(*args)
      args << "-h" if args.length == 0
      args << "-t"
      args << "exhaustive-audit"
      cmd_nexpose_scan(*args)
    end

    def cmd_nexpose_dos(*args)
      args << "-h" if args.length == 0
      args << "-t"
      args << "dos-audit"
      cmd_nexpose_scan(*args)
    end

    def cmd_nexpose_scan(*args)

      opts = Rex::Parser::Arguments.new(
        "-h"   => [ false,  "This help menu"],
        "-t"   => [ true,   "The scan template to use (default:pentest-audit options:full-audit,exhaustive-audit,discovery,aggressive-discovery,dos-audit)"],
        "-c"   => [ true,   "Specify credentials to use against these targets (format is type:user:pass"],
        "-n"   => [ true,   "The maximum number of IPs to scan at a time (default is 32)"],
        "-s"   => [ true,   "The directory to store the raw XML files from the Nexpose instance (optional)"],
        "-P"   => [ false,  "Leave the scan data on the server when it completes (this counts against the maximum licensed IPs)"],
        "-v"   => [ false,  "Display diagnostic information about the scanning process"],
        "-d"   => [ false,  "Scan hosts based on the contents of the existing database"],
        "-I"   => [ true,   "Only scan systems with an address within the specified range"],
        "-E"   => [ true,   "Exclude hosts in the specified range from the scan"]
      )

      opt_template  = "pentest-audit"
      opt_maxaddrs  = 32
      opt_monitor   = false
      opt_verbose   = false
      opt_savexml   = nil
      opt_preserve  = false
      opt_rescandb  = false
      opt_addrinc   = nil
      opt_addrexc   = nil
      opt_scanned   = []
      opt_credentials = []

      opt_ranges    = []


      opts.parse(args) do |opt, idx, val|
        case opt
        when "-h"
          print_line("Usage: nexpose_scan [options] <Target IP Ranges>")
          print_line(opts.usage)
          return
        when "-t"
          opt_template = val
        when "-n"
          opt_maxaddrs = val.to_i
        when "-s"
          opt_savexml = val
        when "-c"
          if (val =~ /^([^:]+):([^:]+):(.+)/)
            type, user, pass = [ $1, $2, $3 ]
            msfid = Time.now.to_i
            newcreds = Nexpose::SiteCredentials.for_service("Metasploit Site Credential #{msfid}", nil, nil, nil, nil, type)
            newcreds.user_name = user
            newcreds.password = pass
            opt_credentials << newcreds
          else
            print_error("Unrecognized Nexpose scan credentials: #{val}")
            return
          end
        when "-v"
          opt_verbose = true
        when "-P"
          opt_preserve = true
        when "-d"
          opt_rescandb = true
        when '-I'
          opt_addrinc = OptAddressRange.new('TEMPRANGE', [ true, '' ]).normalize(val)
        when '-E'
          opt_addrexc = OptAddressRange.new('TEMPRANGE', [ true, '' ]).normalize(val)
        else
          opt_ranges << val
        end
      end

      return if not nexpose_verify

      # Include all database hosts as scan targets if specified
      if(opt_rescandb)
        print_status("Loading scan targets from the active database...") if opt_verbose
        framework.db.hosts.each do |host|
          next if host.state != ::Msf::HostState::Alive
          opt_ranges << host.address
        end
      end

      possible_files = opt_ranges # don't allow DOS by circular reference
      possible_files.each do |file|
        if ::File.readable? file
          print_status "Parsing ranges from #{file}"
          range_list = ::File.open(file,"rb") {|f| f.read f.stat.size}
          range_list.each_line { |subrange| opt_ranges << subrange}
          opt_ranges.delete(file)
        end
      end

      opt_ranges = opt_ranges.join(' ')

      if(opt_ranges.strip.empty?)
        print_line("Usage: nexpose_scan [options] <Target IP Ranges>")
        print_line(opts.usage)
        return
      end

      if(opt_verbose)
        print_status("Creating a new scan using template #{opt_template} and #{opt_maxaddrs} concurrent IPs against #{opt_ranges}")
      end

      range_inp = ::Msf::OptAddressRange.new('TEMPRANGE', [ true, '' ]).normalize(opt_ranges)
      range     = ::Rex::Socket::RangeWalker.new(range_inp)
      include_range = opt_addrinc ? ::Rex::Socket::RangeWalker.new(opt_addrinc) : nil
      exclude_range = opt_addrexc ? ::Rex::Socket::RangeWalker.new(opt_addrexc) : nil

      completed = 0
      total     = range.num_ips
      count     = 0

      print_status("Scanning #{total} addresses with template #{opt_template} in sets of #{opt_maxaddrs}")

      while(completed < total)
        count    += 1
        queue     = []

        while(ip = range.next_ip and queue.length < opt_maxaddrs)

          if(exclude_range and exclude_range.include?(ip))
            print_status(" >> Skipping host #{ip} due to exclusion") if opt_verbose
            next
          end

          if(include_range and ! include_range.include?(ip))
            print_status(" >> Skipping host #{ip} due to inclusion filter") if opt_verbose
            next
          end

          opt_scanned << ip
          queue << ip
        end

        break if queue.empty?
        print_status("Scanning #{queue[0]}-#{queue[-1]}...") if opt_verbose

        msfid = Time.now.to_i

        # Create a temporary site
        site = Nexpose::Site.new(nil, opt_template)
        site.name = "Metasploit-#{msfid}"
        site.description = "Autocreated by the Metasploit Framework"
        site.included_addresses = queue
        site.site_credentials = opt_credentials
        site.save(@nsc)

        print_status(" >> Created temporary site ##{site.id}") if opt_verbose

        report_formats = ["raw-xml-v2", "ns-xml"]
        report_format  = report_formats.shift

        report = Nexpose::ReportConfig.build(@nsc, site.id, site.name, opt_template, report_format, true)
        report.delivery = Nexpose::Delivery.new(true)

        begin
          report.format = report_format
          report.save(@nsc, true)
        rescue ::Exception => e
        report_format = report_formats.shift
          if report_format
            retry
          end
          raise e
        end

        print_status(" >> Created temporary report configuration ##{report.id}") if opt_verbose

        # Run the scan
        begin
          res = site.scan(@nsc)
        rescue Nexpose::APIError => e
          nexpose_error_message = e.message
          nexpose_error_message.gsub!(/NexposeAPI: Action failed: /, '')
          print_error "#{nexpose_error_message}"
          return
        end

        sid = res.id

        print_status(" >> Scan has been launched with ID ##{sid}") if opt_verbose

        rep = true
        begin
        prev = nil
        while(true)
          info = @nsc.scan_statistics(sid)
          break if info.status != "running"
          stat = "Found #{info.nodes.live} devices and #{info.nodes.dead} unresponsive"
          if(stat != prev)
            print_status(" >> #{stat}") if opt_verbose
          end
          prev = stat
          select(nil, nil, nil, 5.0)
        end
        print_status(" >> Scan has been completed with ID ##{sid}") if opt_verbose
        rescue ::Interrupt
          rep = false
          print_status(" >> Terminating scan ID ##{sid} due to console interupt") if opt_verbose
          @nsc.stop_scan(sid)
          break
        end

        # Wait for the automatic report generation to complete
        if(rep)
          print_status(" >> Waiting on the report to generate...") if opt_verbose
          last_report = nil
          while(! last_report)
            last_report = @nsc.last_report(report.id)
            select(nil, nil, nil, 1.0)
          end
          url = last_report.uri

          print_status(" >> Downloading the report data from Nexpose...") if opt_verbose
          data = @nsc.download(url)

          if(opt_savexml)
            ::FileUtils.mkdir_p(opt_savexml)
            path = ::File.join(opt_savexml, "nexpose-#{msfid}-#{count}.xml")
            print_status(" >> Saving scan data into #{path}") if opt_verbose
            ::File.open(path, "wb") { |fd| fd.write(data) }
          end

          process_nexpose_data(report_format, data)
        end

        if ! opt_preserve
          # Make sure the scan has finished clean up before attempting to delete the site
          while (true)
            info = @nsc.scan_statistics(sid)
            break if info.status == 'stopped' || info.status == 'finished'
            select(nil, nil, nil, 5.0)
          end
          print_status(" >> Deleting the temporary site and report...") if opt_verbose
          begin
            @nsc.delete_site(site.id)
          rescue ::Nexpose::APIError => e
            print_status(" >> Deletion of temporary site and report failed: #{e.inspect}")
          end
        end
      end

      print_status("Completed the scan of #{total} addresses")
    end

    def cmd_nexpose_disconnect(*args)
      @nsc.logout if @nsc
      @nsc = nil
    end

    def process_nexpose_data(fmt, data)
      case fmt
      when 'raw-xml-v2'
        framework.db.import({:data => data})
      when 'ns-xml'
        framework.db.import({:data => data})
      else
        print_error("Unsupported Nexpose data format: #{fmt}")
      end
    end

    #
    # Nexpose vuln lookup
    #
    def nexpose_vuln_lookup(doc, vid, refs, host, serv=nil)
      doc.elements.each("/NexposeReport/VulnerabilityDefinitions/vulnerability[@id = '#{vid}']]") do |vulndef|

        title = vulndef.attributes['title']
        pciSeverity = vulndef.attributes['pciSeverity']
        cvss_score = vulndef.attributes['cvssScore']
        cvss_vector = vulndef.attributes['cvssVector']

        vulndef.elements['references'].elements.each('reference') do |ref|
          if ref.attributes['source'] == 'BID'
            refs[ 'BID-' + ref.text ] = true
          elsif ref.attributes['source'] == 'CVE'
            # ref.text is CVE-$ID
            refs[ ref.text ] = true
          elsif ref.attributes['source'] == 'MS'
            refs[ 'MSB-MS-' + ref.text ] = true
          end
        end

        refs[ 'NEXPOSE-' + vid.downcase ] = true

        vuln = framework.db.find_or_create_vuln(
          :host => host,
          :service => serv,
          :name => 'NEXPOSE-' + vid.downcase,
          :data => title)

        rids = []
        refs.keys.each do |r|
          rids << framework.db.find_or_create_ref(:name => r)
        end

        vuln.refs << (rids - vuln.refs)
      end
    end

  end

  #
  # Plugin initialization
  #

  def initialize(framework, opts)
    super

    add_console_dispatcher(NexposeCommandDispatcher)
    banner = ["0a205f5f5f5f202020202020202020202020205f20202020205f205f5f5f5f5f2020205f2020205f20202020205f5f20205f5f2020202020202020202020202020202020202020200a7c20205f205c205f5f205f205f205f5f20285f29205f5f7c207c5f5f5f20207c207c205c207c207c205f5f5f5c205c2f202f5f205f5f2020205f5f5f20205f5f5f20205f5f5f200a7c207c5f29202f205f60207c20275f205c7c207c2f205f60207c20202f202f20207c20205c7c207c2f205f205c5c20202f7c20275f205c202f205f205c2f205f5f7c2f205f205c0a7c20205f203c20285f7c207c207c5f29207c207c20285f7c207c202f202f2020207c207c5c20207c20205f5f2f2f20205c7c207c5f29207c20285f29205c5f5f205c20205f5f2f0a7c5f7c205c5f5c5f5f2c5f7c202e5f5f2f7c5f7c5c5f5f2c5f7c2f5f2f202020207c5f7c205c5f7c5c5f5f5f2f5f2f5c5f5c202e5f5f2f205c5f5f5f2f7c5f5f5f2f5c5f5f5f7c0a20202020202020202020207c5f7c20202020202020202020202020202020202020202020202020202020202020202020207c5f7c202020202020202020202020202020202020200a0a0a"].pack("H*")

    # Do not use this UTF-8 encoded high-ascii art for non-UTF-8 or windows consoles
    lang = Rex::Compat.getenv("LANG")
    if (lang and lang =~ /UTF-8/)
      # Cygwin/Windows should not be reporting UTF-8 either...
      # (! (Rex::Compat.is_windows or Rex::Compat.is_cygwin))
      banner = ["202020202020202020202020202020202020202020202020202020202020202020202020202020202020202020202020202020202020202020202020202020202020202020200a20e29684e29684e29684202020e29684e29684202020202020202020202020e29684e29684e296842020e29684e29684e2968420202020202020202020202020202020202020202020202020202020202020202020202020202020200a20e29688e29688e29688202020e29688e2968820202020202020202020202020e29688e2968820e29684e29688e296882020202020202020202020202020202020202020202020202020202020202020202020202020202020200a20e29688e29688e29680e296882020e29688e29688202020e29684e29688e29688e29688e29688e296842020202020e29688e29688e29688e2968820202020e29688e29688e29684e29688e29688e29688e2968420202020e29684e29688e29688e29688e29688e29684202020e29684e29684e29688e29688e29688e29688e29688e29684202020e29684e29688e29688e29688e29688e2968420200a20e29688e2968820e29688e2968820e29688e296882020e29688e29688e29684e29684e29684e29684e29688e296882020202020e29688e296882020202020e29688e29688e296802020e29680e29688e296882020e29688e29688e296802020e29680e29688e296882020e29688e29688e29684e29684e29684e2968420e296802020e29688e29688e29684e29684e29684e29684e29688e29688200a20e29688e296882020e29688e29684e29688e296882020e29688e29688e29680e29680e29680e29680e29680e2968020202020e29688e29688e29688e2968820202020e29688e2968820202020e29688e296882020e29688e2968820202020e29688e29688202020e29680e29680e29680e29680e29688e29688e296842020e29688e29688e29680e29680e29680e29680e29680e29680200a20e29688e29688202020e29688e29688e296882020e29680e29688e29688e29684e29684e29684e29684e29688202020e29688e296882020e29688e29688202020e29688e29688e29688e29684e29684e29688e29688e296802020e29680e29688e29688e29684e29684e29688e29688e296802020e29688e29684e29684e29684e29684e29684e29688e296882020e29680e29688e29688e29684e29684e29684e29684e29688200a20e29680e29680202020e29680e29680e2968020202020e29680e29680e29680e29680e29680202020e29680e29680e296802020e29680e29680e296802020e29688e2968820e29680e29680e29680202020202020e29680e29680e29680e296802020202020e29680e29680e29680e29680e29680e296802020202020e29680e29680e29680e29680e2968020200a20202020202020202020202020202020202020202020202020202020202020e29688e29688202020202020202020202020202020202020202020202020202020202020202020202020200a202020202020202020202020202020202020202020202020202020202020202020202020202020202020202020202020202020202020202020202020202020202020202020200a"].pack("H*")
    end
    print(banner)
    print_status("Nexpose integration has been activated")
  end

  def cleanup
    remove_console_dispatcher('Nexpose')
  end

  def name
    "nexpose"
  end

  def desc
    "Integrates with the Rapid7 Nexpose vulnerability management product"
  end
end
end

module Nexpose
  class IPRange
    def to_json
      if @to.present?
        "#{@from} - #{@to}".to_json
      else
        @from.to_json
      end
    end
  end
end