tootsuite/mastodon

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Align the keys of a hash literal if they span more than one line.
Open

    block:          'http://mastodon.social/schema/1.0/block',
Severity: Minor
Found in app/lib/ostatus/tag_manager.rb by rubocop

Check that the keys, separators, and values of a multi-line hash literal are aligned according to configuration. The configuration options are:

- key (left align keys, one space before hash rockets and values)
- separator (align hash rockets and colons, right align keys)
- table (left align keys, hash rockets, and values)

The treatment of hashes passed as the last argument to a method call can also be configured. The options are:

- always_inspect
- always_ignore
- ignore_implicit (without curly braces)

Alternatively you can specify multiple allowed styles. That's done by passing a list of styles to EnforcedStyles.

Example: EnforcedHashRocketStyle: key (default)

# bad
{
  :foo => bar,
   :ba => baz
}
{
  :foo => bar,
  :ba  => baz
}

# good
{
  :foo => bar,
  :ba => baz
}

Example: EnforcedHashRocketStyle: separator

# bad
{
  :foo => bar,
  :ba => baz
}
{
  :foo => bar,
  :ba  => baz
}

# good
{
  :foo => bar,
   :ba => baz
}

Example: EnforcedHashRocketStyle: table

# bad
{
  :foo => bar,
   :ba => baz
}

# good
{
  :foo => bar,
  :ba  => baz
}

Example: EnforcedColonStyle: key (default)

# bad
{
  foo: bar,
   ba: baz
}
{
  foo: bar,
  ba:  baz
}

# good
{
  foo: bar,
  ba: baz
}

Example: EnforcedColonStyle: separator

# bad
{
  foo: bar,
  ba: baz
}

# good
{
  foo: bar,
   ba: baz
}

Example: EnforcedColonStyle: table

# bad
{
  foo: bar,
  ba: baz
}

# good
{
  foo: bar,
  ba:  baz
}

Example: EnforcedLastArgumentHashStyle: always_inspect (default)

# Inspect both implicit and explicit hashes.

# bad
do_something(foo: 1,
  bar: 2)

# bad
do_something({foo: 1,
  bar: 2})

# good
do_something(foo: 1,
             bar: 2)

# good
do_something(
  foo: 1,
  bar: 2
)

# good
do_something({foo: 1,
              bar: 2})

# good
do_something({
  foo: 1,
  bar: 2
})

Example: EnforcedLastArgumentHashStyle: always_ignore

# Ignore both implicit and explicit hashes.

# good
do_something(foo: 1,
  bar: 2)

# good
do_something({foo: 1,
  bar: 2})

Example: EnforcedLastArgumentHashStyle: ignore_implicit

# Ignore only implicit hashes.

# bad
do_something({foo: 1,
  bar: 2})

# good
do_something(foo: 1,
  bar: 2)

Example: EnforcedLastArgumentHashStyle: ignore_explicit

# Ignore only explicit hashes.

# bad
do_something(foo: 1,
  bar: 2)

# good
do_something({foo: 1,
  bar: 2})

Favor modifier unless usage when having a single-line body. Another good alternative is the usage of control flow &&/||.
Open

    unless @accounts.empty?

Checks for if and unless statements that would fit on one line if written as modifier if/unless. The cop also checks for modifier if/unless lines that exceed the maximum line length.

The maximum line length is configured in the Layout/LineLength cop. The tab size is configured in the IndentationWidth of the Layout/IndentationStyle cop.

Example:

# bad
if condition
  do_stuff(bar)
end

unless qux.empty?
  Foo.do_something
end

do_something_in_a_method_with_a_long_name(arg) if long_condition

# good
do_stuff(bar) if condition
Foo.do_something unless qux.empty?

if long_condition
  do_something_in_a_method_with_a_long_name(arg)
end

When using method_missing, fall back on super.
Open

    def method_missing(method, *args)
      method_name = method.to_s
      # set a value for a variable
      if method_name[-1] == '='
        var_name = method_name.sub('=', '')
Severity: Minor
Found in app/lib/settings/scoped_settings.rb by rubocop

This cop checks for the presence of method_missing without falling back on super.

Example:

#bad
def method_missing(name, *args)
  # ...
end

#good

def method_missing(name, *args)
  # ...
  super
end

Add empty line after guard clause.
Open

    return unless session_needs_update?

This cop enforces empty line after guard clause

Example:

# bad
def foo
  return if need_return?
  bar
end

# good
def foo
  return if need_return?

  bar
end

# good
def foo
  return if something?
  return if something_different?

  bar
end

# also good
def foo
  if something?
    do_something
    return if need_return?
  end
end

Freeze mutable objects assigned to constants.
Open

  USERNAME_RE = /[a-z0-9_]+([a-z0-9_\.-]+[a-z0-9_]+)?/i
Severity: Minor
Found in app/models/account.rb by rubocop

This cop checks whether some constant value isn't a mutable literal (e.g. array or hash).

Strict mode can be used to freeze all constants, rather than just literals. Strict mode is considered an experimental feature. It has not been updated with an exhaustive list of all methods that will produce frozen objects so there is a decent chance of getting some false positives. Luckily, there is no harm in freezing an already frozen object.

Example: EnforcedStyle: literals (default)

# bad
CONST = [1, 2, 3]

# good
CONST = [1, 2, 3].freeze

# good
CONST = <

Example: EnforcedStyle: strict

# bad
CONST = Something.new

# bad
CONST = Struct.new do
  def foo
    puts 1
  end
end

# good
CONST = Something.new.freeze

# good
CONST = Struct.new do
  def foo
    puts 1
  end
end.freeze

Add empty line after guard clause.
Open

      next if parsed_parts.nil? || parsed_parts.size != 3

This cop enforces empty line after guard clause

Example:

# bad
def foo
  return if need_return?
  bar
end

# good
def foo
  return if need_return?

  bar
end

# good
def foo
  return if something?
  return if something_different?

  bar
end

# also good
def foo
  if something?
    do_something
    return if need_return?
  end
end

Align the keys of a hash literal if they span more than one line.
Open

    comment:    'http://activitystrea.ms/schema/1.0/comment',
Severity: Minor
Found in app/lib/ostatus/tag_manager.rb by rubocop

Check that the keys, separators, and values of a multi-line hash literal are aligned according to configuration. The configuration options are:

- key (left align keys, one space before hash rockets and values)
- separator (align hash rockets and colons, right align keys)
- table (left align keys, hash rockets, and values)

The treatment of hashes passed as the last argument to a method call can also be configured. The options are:

- always_inspect
- always_ignore
- ignore_implicit (without curly braces)

Alternatively you can specify multiple allowed styles. That's done by passing a list of styles to EnforcedStyles.

Example: EnforcedHashRocketStyle: key (default)

# bad
{
  :foo => bar,
   :ba => baz
}
{
  :foo => bar,
  :ba  => baz
}

# good
{
  :foo => bar,
  :ba => baz
}

Example: EnforcedHashRocketStyle: separator

# bad
{
  :foo => bar,
  :ba => baz
}
{
  :foo => bar,
  :ba  => baz
}

# good
{
  :foo => bar,
   :ba => baz
}

Example: EnforcedHashRocketStyle: table

# bad
{
  :foo => bar,
   :ba => baz
}

# good
{
  :foo => bar,
  :ba  => baz
}

Example: EnforcedColonStyle: key (default)

# bad
{
  foo: bar,
   ba: baz
}
{
  foo: bar,
  ba:  baz
}

# good
{
  foo: bar,
  ba: baz
}

Example: EnforcedColonStyle: separator

# bad
{
  foo: bar,
  ba: baz
}

# good
{
  foo: bar,
   ba: baz
}

Example: EnforcedColonStyle: table

# bad
{
  foo: bar,
  ba: baz
}

# good
{
  foo: bar,
  ba:  baz
}

Example: EnforcedLastArgumentHashStyle: always_inspect (default)

# Inspect both implicit and explicit hashes.

# bad
do_something(foo: 1,
  bar: 2)

# bad
do_something({foo: 1,
  bar: 2})

# good
do_something(foo: 1,
             bar: 2)

# good
do_something(
  foo: 1,
  bar: 2
)

# good
do_something({foo: 1,
              bar: 2})

# good
do_something({
  foo: 1,
  bar: 2
})

Example: EnforcedLastArgumentHashStyle: always_ignore

# Ignore both implicit and explicit hashes.

# good
do_something(foo: 1,
  bar: 2)

# good
do_something({foo: 1,
  bar: 2})

Example: EnforcedLastArgumentHashStyle: ignore_implicit

# Ignore only implicit hashes.

# bad
do_something({foo: 1,
  bar: 2})

# good
do_something(foo: 1,
  bar: 2)

Example: EnforcedLastArgumentHashStyle: ignore_explicit

# Ignore only explicit hashes.

# bad
do_something(foo: 1,
  bar: 2)

# good
do_something({foo: 1,
  bar: 2})

Freeze mutable objects assigned to constants.
Open

  SCAN_RE = /(?<=[^[:alnum:]:]|\n|^)
    :(#{SHORTCODE_RE_FRAGMENT}):
    (?=[^[:alnum:]:]|$)/x
Severity: Minor
Found in app/models/custom_emoji.rb by rubocop

This cop checks whether some constant value isn't a mutable literal (e.g. array or hash).

Strict mode can be used to freeze all constants, rather than just literals. Strict mode is considered an experimental feature. It has not been updated with an exhaustive list of all methods that will produce frozen objects so there is a decent chance of getting some false positives. Luckily, there is no harm in freezing an already frozen object.

Example: EnforcedStyle: literals (default)

# bad
CONST = [1, 2, 3]

# good
CONST = [1, 2, 3].freeze

# good
CONST = <

Example: EnforcedStyle: strict

# bad
CONST = Something.new

# bad
CONST = Struct.new do
  def foo
    puts 1
  end
end

# good
CONST = Something.new.freeze

# good
CONST = Struct.new do
  def foo
    puts 1
  end
end.freeze

Add empty line after guard clause.
Open

        next if records.key?(key) || default_value.is_a?(Hash)
Severity: Minor
Found in app/lib/settings/scoped_settings.rb by rubocop

This cop enforces empty line after guard clause

Example:

# bad
def foo
  return if need_return?
  bar
end

# good
def foo
  return if need_return?

  bar
end

# good
def foo
  return if something?
  return if something_different?

  bar
end

# also good
def foo
  if something?
    do_something
    return if need_return?
  end
end

Specify a :dependent option.
Open

  has_many :users, inverse_of: :invite
Severity: Minor
Found in app/models/invite.rb by rubocop

This cop looks for has_many or has_one associations that don't specify a :dependent option. It doesn't register an offense if :through option was specified.

Example:

# bad
class User < ActiveRecord::Base
  has_many :comments
  has_one :avatar
end

# good
class User < ActiveRecord::Base
  has_many :comments, dependent: :restrict_with_exception
  has_one :avatar, dependent: :destroy
  has_many :patients, through: :appointments
end

Add empty line after guard clause.
Open

          return default_value.with_indifferent_access.merge!(db_val.value) if default_value.is_a?(Hash)
Severity: Minor
Found in app/lib/settings/scoped_settings.rb by rubocop

This cop enforces empty line after guard clause

Example:

# bad
def foo
  return if need_return?
  bar
end

# good
def foo
  return if need_return?

  bar
end

# good
def foo
  return if something?
  return if something_different?

  bar
end

# also good
def foo
  if something?
    do_something
    return if need_return?
  end
end

Specify an :inverse_of option.
Open

    has_many :mute_relationships, class_name: 'Mute', foreign_key: 'account_id', dependent: :destroy

This cop looks for has(one|many) and belongsto associations where Active Record can't automatically determine the inverse association because of a scope or the options used. Using the blog with order scope example below, traversing the a Blog's association in both directions with blog.posts.first.blog would cause the blog to be loaded from the database twice.

:inverse_of must be manually specified for Active Record to use the associated object in memory, or set to false to opt-out. Note that setting nil does not stop Active Record from trying to determine the inverse automatically, and is not considered a valid value for this.

Example:

# good
class Blog < ApplicationRecord
  has_many :posts
end

class Post < ApplicationRecord
  belongs_to :blog
end

Example:

# bad
class Blog < ApplicationRecord
  has_many :posts, -> { order(published_at: :desc) }
end

class Post < ApplicationRecord
  belongs_to :blog
end

# good
class Blog < ApplicationRecord
  has_many(:posts,
           -> { order(published_at: :desc) },
           inverse_of: :blog)
end

class Post < ApplicationRecord
  belongs_to :blog
end

# good
class Blog < ApplicationRecord
  with_options inverse_of: :blog do
    has_many :posts, -> { order(published_at: :desc) }
  end
end

class Post < ApplicationRecord
  belongs_to :blog
end

# good
# When you don't want to use the inverse association.
class Blog < ApplicationRecord
  has_many(:posts,
           -> { order(published_at: :desc) },
           inverse_of: false)
end

Example:

# bad
class Picture < ApplicationRecord
  belongs_to :imageable, polymorphic: true
end

class Employee < ApplicationRecord
  has_many :pictures, as: :imageable
end

class Product < ApplicationRecord
  has_many :pictures, as: :imageable
end

# good
class Picture < ApplicationRecord
  belongs_to :imageable, polymorphic: true
end

class Employee < ApplicationRecord
  has_many :pictures, as: :imageable, inverse_of: :imageable
end

class Product < ApplicationRecord
  has_many :pictures, as: :imageable, inverse_of: :imageable
end

Example:

# bad
# However, RuboCop can not detect this pattern...
class Physician < ApplicationRecord
  has_many :appointments
  has_many :patients, through: :appointments
end

class Appointment < ApplicationRecord
  belongs_to :physician
  belongs_to :patient
end

class Patient < ApplicationRecord
  has_many :appointments
  has_many :physicians, through: :appointments
end

# good
class Physician < ApplicationRecord
  has_many :appointments
  has_many :patients, through: :appointments
end

class Appointment < ApplicationRecord
  belongs_to :physician, inverse_of: :appointments
  belongs_to :patient, inverse_of: :appointments
end

class Patient < ApplicationRecord
  has_many :appointments
  has_many :physicians, through: :appointments
end

@see https://guides.rubyonrails.org/association_basics.html#bi-directional-associations @see https://api.rubyonrails.org/classes/ActiveRecord/Associations/ClassMethods.html#module-ActiveRecord::Associations::ClassMethods-label-Setting+Inverses

Align the keys of a hash literal if they span more than one line.
Open

    follow:         'Follow',
Severity: Minor
Found in app/models/notification.rb by rubocop

Check that the keys, separators, and values of a multi-line hash literal are aligned according to configuration. The configuration options are:

- key (left align keys, one space before hash rockets and values)
- separator (align hash rockets and colons, right align keys)
- table (left align keys, hash rockets, and values)

The treatment of hashes passed as the last argument to a method call can also be configured. The options are:

- always_inspect
- always_ignore
- ignore_implicit (without curly braces)

Alternatively you can specify multiple allowed styles. That's done by passing a list of styles to EnforcedStyles.

Example: EnforcedHashRocketStyle: key (default)

# bad
{
  :foo => bar,
   :ba => baz
}
{
  :foo => bar,
  :ba  => baz
}

# good
{
  :foo => bar,
  :ba => baz
}

Example: EnforcedHashRocketStyle: separator

# bad
{
  :foo => bar,
  :ba => baz
}
{
  :foo => bar,
  :ba  => baz
}

# good
{
  :foo => bar,
   :ba => baz
}

Example: EnforcedHashRocketStyle: table

# bad
{
  :foo => bar,
   :ba => baz
}

# good
{
  :foo => bar,
  :ba  => baz
}

Example: EnforcedColonStyle: key (default)

# bad
{
  foo: bar,
   ba: baz
}
{
  foo: bar,
  ba:  baz
}

# good
{
  foo: bar,
  ba: baz
}

Example: EnforcedColonStyle: separator

# bad
{
  foo: bar,
  ba: baz
}

# good
{
  foo: bar,
   ba: baz
}

Example: EnforcedColonStyle: table

# bad
{
  foo: bar,
  ba: baz
}

# good
{
  foo: bar,
  ba:  baz
}

Example: EnforcedLastArgumentHashStyle: always_inspect (default)

# Inspect both implicit and explicit hashes.

# bad
do_something(foo: 1,
  bar: 2)

# bad
do_something({foo: 1,
  bar: 2})

# good
do_something(foo: 1,
             bar: 2)

# good
do_something(
  foo: 1,
  bar: 2
)

# good
do_something({foo: 1,
              bar: 2})

# good
do_something({
  foo: 1,
  bar: 2
})

Example: EnforcedLastArgumentHashStyle: always_ignore

# Ignore both implicit and explicit hashes.

# good
do_something(foo: 1,
  bar: 2)

# good
do_something({foo: 1,
  bar: 2})

Example: EnforcedLastArgumentHashStyle: ignore_implicit

# Ignore only implicit hashes.

# bad
do_something({foo: 1,
  bar: 2})

# good
do_something(foo: 1,
  bar: 2)

Example: EnforcedLastArgumentHashStyle: ignore_explicit

# Ignore only explicit hashes.

# bad
do_something(foo: 1,
  bar: 2)

# good
do_something({foo: 1,
  bar: 2})

Align the keys of a hash literal if they span more than one line.
Open

    poll:           'Poll',
Severity: Minor
Found in app/models/notification.rb by rubocop

Check that the keys, separators, and values of a multi-line hash literal are aligned according to configuration. The configuration options are:

- key (left align keys, one space before hash rockets and values)
- separator (align hash rockets and colons, right align keys)
- table (left align keys, hash rockets, and values)

The treatment of hashes passed as the last argument to a method call can also be configured. The options are:

- always_inspect
- always_ignore
- ignore_implicit (without curly braces)

Alternatively you can specify multiple allowed styles. That's done by passing a list of styles to EnforcedStyles.

Example: EnforcedHashRocketStyle: key (default)

# bad
{
  :foo => bar,
   :ba => baz
}
{
  :foo => bar,
  :ba  => baz
}

# good
{
  :foo => bar,
  :ba => baz
}

Example: EnforcedHashRocketStyle: separator

# bad
{
  :foo => bar,
  :ba => baz
}
{
  :foo => bar,
  :ba  => baz
}

# good
{
  :foo => bar,
   :ba => baz
}

Example: EnforcedHashRocketStyle: table

# bad
{
  :foo => bar,
   :ba => baz
}

# good
{
  :foo => bar,
  :ba  => baz
}

Example: EnforcedColonStyle: key (default)

# bad
{
  foo: bar,
   ba: baz
}
{
  foo: bar,
  ba:  baz
}

# good
{
  foo: bar,
  ba: baz
}

Example: EnforcedColonStyle: separator

# bad
{
  foo: bar,
  ba: baz
}

# good
{
  foo: bar,
   ba: baz
}

Example: EnforcedColonStyle: table

# bad
{
  foo: bar,
  ba: baz
}

# good
{
  foo: bar,
  ba:  baz
}

Example: EnforcedLastArgumentHashStyle: always_inspect (default)

# Inspect both implicit and explicit hashes.

# bad
do_something(foo: 1,
  bar: 2)

# bad
do_something({foo: 1,
  bar: 2})

# good
do_something(foo: 1,
             bar: 2)

# good
do_something(
  foo: 1,
  bar: 2
)

# good
do_something({foo: 1,
              bar: 2})

# good
do_something({
  foo: 1,
  bar: 2
})

Example: EnforcedLastArgumentHashStyle: always_ignore

# Ignore both implicit and explicit hashes.

# good
do_something(foo: 1,
  bar: 2)

# good
do_something({foo: 1,
  bar: 2})

Example: EnforcedLastArgumentHashStyle: ignore_implicit

# Ignore only implicit hashes.

# bad
do_something({foo: 1,
  bar: 2})

# good
do_something(foo: 1,
  bar: 2)

Example: EnforcedLastArgumentHashStyle: ignore_explicit

# Ignore only explicit hashes.

# bad
do_something(foo: 1,
  bar: 2)

# good
do_something({foo: 1,
  bar: 2})

Specify a :dependent option.
Open

  has_many :accounts, foreign_key: :domain, primary_key: :domain
Severity: Minor
Found in app/models/domain_block.rb by rubocop

This cop looks for has_many or has_one associations that don't specify a :dependent option. It doesn't register an offense if :through option was specified.

Example:

# bad
class User < ActiveRecord::Base
  has_many :comments
  has_one :avatar
end

# good
class User < ActiveRecord::Base
  has_many :comments, dependent: :restrict_with_exception
  has_one :avatar, dependent: :destroy
  has_many :patients, through: :appointments
end

Specify an :inverse_of option.
Open

  has_many :accounts, foreign_key: :domain, primary_key: :domain
Severity: Minor
Found in app/models/domain_block.rb by rubocop

This cop looks for has(one|many) and belongsto associations where Active Record can't automatically determine the inverse association because of a scope or the options used. Using the blog with order scope example below, traversing the a Blog's association in both directions with blog.posts.first.blog would cause the blog to be loaded from the database twice.

:inverse_of must be manually specified for Active Record to use the associated object in memory, or set to false to opt-out. Note that setting nil does not stop Active Record from trying to determine the inverse automatically, and is not considered a valid value for this.

Example:

# good
class Blog < ApplicationRecord
  has_many :posts
end

class Post < ApplicationRecord
  belongs_to :blog
end

Example:

# bad
class Blog < ApplicationRecord
  has_many :posts, -> { order(published_at: :desc) }
end

class Post < ApplicationRecord
  belongs_to :blog
end

# good
class Blog < ApplicationRecord
  has_many(:posts,
           -> { order(published_at: :desc) },
           inverse_of: :blog)
end

class Post < ApplicationRecord
  belongs_to :blog
end

# good
class Blog < ApplicationRecord
  with_options inverse_of: :blog do
    has_many :posts, -> { order(published_at: :desc) }
  end
end

class Post < ApplicationRecord
  belongs_to :blog
end

# good
# When you don't want to use the inverse association.
class Blog < ApplicationRecord
  has_many(:posts,
           -> { order(published_at: :desc) },
           inverse_of: false)
end

Example:

# bad
class Picture < ApplicationRecord
  belongs_to :imageable, polymorphic: true
end

class Employee < ApplicationRecord
  has_many :pictures, as: :imageable
end

class Product < ApplicationRecord
  has_many :pictures, as: :imageable
end

# good
class Picture < ApplicationRecord
  belongs_to :imageable, polymorphic: true
end

class Employee < ApplicationRecord
  has_many :pictures, as: :imageable, inverse_of: :imageable
end

class Product < ApplicationRecord
  has_many :pictures, as: :imageable, inverse_of: :imageable
end

Example:

# bad
# However, RuboCop can not detect this pattern...
class Physician < ApplicationRecord
  has_many :appointments
  has_many :patients, through: :appointments
end

class Appointment < ApplicationRecord
  belongs_to :physician
  belongs_to :patient
end

class Patient < ApplicationRecord
  has_many :appointments
  has_many :physicians, through: :appointments
end

# good
class Physician < ApplicationRecord
  has_many :appointments
  has_many :patients, through: :appointments
end

class Appointment < ApplicationRecord
  belongs_to :physician, inverse_of: :appointments
  belongs_to :patient, inverse_of: :appointments
end

class Patient < ApplicationRecord
  has_many :appointments
  has_many :physicians, through: :appointments
end

@see https://guides.rubyonrails.org/association_basics.html#bi-directional-associations @see https://api.rubyonrails.org/classes/ActiveRecord/Associations/ClassMethods.html#module-ActiveRecord::Associations::ClassMethods-label-Setting+Inverses

Do not suppress exceptions.
Open

            rescue Errno::EISCONN
Severity: Minor
Found in app/lib/request.rb by rubocop

This cop checks for rescue blocks with no body.

Example:

# bad
def some_method
  do_something
rescue
end

# bad
begin
  do_something
rescue
end

# good
def some_method
  do_something
rescue
  handle_exception
end

# good
begin
  do_something
rescue
  handle_exception
end

Example: AllowComments: true (default)

# good
def some_method
  do_something
rescue
  # do nothing
end

# good
begin
  do_something
rescue
  # do nothing
end

Example: AllowComments: false

# bad
def some_method
  do_something
rescue
  # do nothing
end

# bad
begin
  do_something
rescue
  # do nothing
end

Align the keys of a hash literal if they span more than one line.
Open

        'audio'  => %w(controls),
Severity: Minor
Found in app/lib/sanitize_config.rb by rubocop

Check that the keys, separators, and values of a multi-line hash literal are aligned according to configuration. The configuration options are:

- key (left align keys, one space before hash rockets and values)
- separator (align hash rockets and colons, right align keys)
- table (left align keys, hash rockets, and values)

The treatment of hashes passed as the last argument to a method call can also be configured. The options are:

- always_inspect
- always_ignore
- ignore_implicit (without curly braces)

Alternatively you can specify multiple allowed styles. That's done by passing a list of styles to EnforcedStyles.

Example: EnforcedHashRocketStyle: key (default)

# bad
{
  :foo => bar,
   :ba => baz
}
{
  :foo => bar,
  :ba  => baz
}

# good
{
  :foo => bar,
  :ba => baz
}

Example: EnforcedHashRocketStyle: separator

# bad
{
  :foo => bar,
  :ba => baz
}
{
  :foo => bar,
  :ba  => baz
}

# good
{
  :foo => bar,
   :ba => baz
}

Example: EnforcedHashRocketStyle: table

# bad
{
  :foo => bar,
   :ba => baz
}

# good
{
  :foo => bar,
  :ba  => baz
}

Example: EnforcedColonStyle: key (default)

# bad
{
  foo: bar,
   ba: baz
}
{
  foo: bar,
  ba:  baz
}

# good
{
  foo: bar,
  ba: baz
}

Example: EnforcedColonStyle: separator

# bad
{
  foo: bar,
  ba: baz
}

# good
{
  foo: bar,
   ba: baz
}

Example: EnforcedColonStyle: table

# bad
{
  foo: bar,
  ba: baz
}

# good
{
  foo: bar,
  ba:  baz
}

Example: EnforcedLastArgumentHashStyle: always_inspect (default)

# Inspect both implicit and explicit hashes.

# bad
do_something(foo: 1,
  bar: 2)

# bad
do_something({foo: 1,
  bar: 2})

# good
do_something(foo: 1,
             bar: 2)

# good
do_something(
  foo: 1,
  bar: 2
)

# good
do_something({foo: 1,
              bar: 2})

# good
do_something({
  foo: 1,
  bar: 2
})

Example: EnforcedLastArgumentHashStyle: always_ignore

# Ignore both implicit and explicit hashes.

# good
do_something(foo: 1,
  bar: 2)

# good
do_something({foo: 1,
  bar: 2})

Example: EnforcedLastArgumentHashStyle: ignore_implicit

# Ignore only implicit hashes.

# bad
do_something({foo: 1,
  bar: 2})

# good
do_something(foo: 1,
  bar: 2)

Example: EnforcedLastArgumentHashStyle: ignore_explicit

# Ignore only explicit hashes.

# bad
do_something(foo: 1,
  bar: 2)

# good
do_something({foo: 1,
  bar: 2})

You specified required: true, in Rails > 5.0 the required option is deprecated and you want to use optional: false. In most configurations, this is the default and you can omit this option altogether
Open

  belongs_to :account, inverse_of: :featured_tags, required: true
Severity: Minor
Found in app/models/featured_tag.rb by rubocop

This cop looks for belongs_to associations where we control whether the association is required via the deprecated required option instead.

Since Rails 5, belongs_to associations are required by default and this can be controlled through the use of optional: true.

From the release notes:

belongs_to will now trigger a validation error by default if the
  association is not present. You can turn this off on a
  per-association basis with optional: true. Also deprecate required
  option in favor of optional for belongs_to. (Pull Request)

In the case that the developer is doing required: false, we definitely want to autocorrect to optional: true.

However, without knowing whether they've set overridden the default value of config.active_record.belongs_to_required_by_default, we can't say whether it's safe to remove required: true or whether we should replace it with optional: false (or, similarly, remove a superfluous optional: false). Therefore, in the cases we're using required: true, we'll simply invert it to optional: false and the user can remove depending on their defaults.

Example:

# bad
class Post < ApplicationRecord
  belongs_to :blog, required: false
end

# good
class Post < ApplicationRecord
  belongs_to :blog, optional: true
end

# bad
class Post < ApplicationRecord
  belongs_to :blog, required: true
end

# good
class Post < ApplicationRecord
  belongs_to :blog, optional: false
end

@see https://guides.rubyonrails.org/5_0_release_notes.html @see https://github.com/rails/rails/pull/18937

Align the keys of a hash literal if they span more than one line.
Open

    favourite:      'Favourite',
Severity: Minor
Found in app/models/notification.rb by rubocop

Check that the keys, separators, and values of a multi-line hash literal are aligned according to configuration. The configuration options are:

- key (left align keys, one space before hash rockets and values)
- separator (align hash rockets and colons, right align keys)
- table (left align keys, hash rockets, and values)

The treatment of hashes passed as the last argument to a method call can also be configured. The options are:

- always_inspect
- always_ignore
- ignore_implicit (without curly braces)

Alternatively you can specify multiple allowed styles. That's done by passing a list of styles to EnforcedStyles.

Example: EnforcedHashRocketStyle: key (default)

# bad
{
  :foo => bar,
   :ba => baz
}
{
  :foo => bar,
  :ba  => baz
}

# good
{
  :foo => bar,
  :ba => baz
}

Example: EnforcedHashRocketStyle: separator

# bad
{
  :foo => bar,
  :ba => baz
}
{
  :foo => bar,
  :ba  => baz
}

# good
{
  :foo => bar,
   :ba => baz
}

Example: EnforcedHashRocketStyle: table

# bad
{
  :foo => bar,
   :ba => baz
}

# good
{
  :foo => bar,
  :ba  => baz
}

Example: EnforcedColonStyle: key (default)

# bad
{
  foo: bar,
   ba: baz
}
{
  foo: bar,
  ba:  baz
}

# good
{
  foo: bar,
  ba: baz
}

Example: EnforcedColonStyle: separator

# bad
{
  foo: bar,
  ba: baz
}

# good
{
  foo: bar,
   ba: baz
}

Example: EnforcedColonStyle: table

# bad
{
  foo: bar,
  ba: baz
}

# good
{
  foo: bar,
  ba:  baz
}

Example: EnforcedLastArgumentHashStyle: always_inspect (default)

# Inspect both implicit and explicit hashes.

# bad
do_something(foo: 1,
  bar: 2)

# bad
do_something({foo: 1,
  bar: 2})

# good
do_something(foo: 1,
             bar: 2)

# good
do_something(
  foo: 1,
  bar: 2
)

# good
do_something({foo: 1,
              bar: 2})

# good
do_something({
  foo: 1,
  bar: 2
})

Example: EnforcedLastArgumentHashStyle: always_ignore

# Ignore both implicit and explicit hashes.

# good
do_something(foo: 1,
  bar: 2)

# good
do_something({foo: 1,
  bar: 2})

Example: EnforcedLastArgumentHashStyle: ignore_implicit

# Ignore only implicit hashes.

# bad
do_something({foo: 1,
  bar: 2})

# good
do_something(foo: 1,
  bar: 2)

Example: EnforcedLastArgumentHashStyle: ignore_explicit

# Ignore only explicit hashes.

# bad
do_something(foo: 1,
  bar: 2)

# good
do_something({foo: 1,
  bar: 2})
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