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django/contrib/postgres/fields/array.py

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import json

from django.contrib.postgres import lookups
from django.contrib.postgres.forms import SimpleArrayField
from django.contrib.postgres.validators import ArrayMaxLengthValidator
from django.core import checks, exceptions
from django.db.models import Field, IntegerField, Transform
from django.db.models.lookups import Exact, In
from django.utils.translation import gettext_lazy as _

from ..utils import prefix_validation_error
from .mixins import CheckFieldDefaultMixin
from .utils import AttributeSetter

__all__ = ['ArrayField']


class ArrayField(CheckFieldDefaultMixin, Field):
    empty_strings_allowed = False
    default_error_messages = {
        'item_invalid': _('Item %(nth)s in the array did not validate:'),
        'nested_array_mismatch': _('Nested arrays must have the same length.'),
    }
    _default_hint = ('list', '[]')

    def __init__(self, base_field, size=None, **kwargs):
        self.base_field = base_field
        self.size = size
        if self.size:
            self.default_validators = [*self.default_validators, ArrayMaxLengthValidator(self.size)]
        # For performance, only add a from_db_value() method if the base field
        # implements it.
        if hasattr(self.base_field, 'from_db_value'):
            self.from_db_value = self._from_db_value
        super().__init__(**kwargs)

    @property
    def model(self):
        try:
            return self.__dict__['model']
        except KeyError:
            raise AttributeError("'%s' object has no attribute 'model'" % self.__class__.__name__)

    @model.setter
    def model(self, model):
        self.__dict__['model'] = model
        self.base_field.model = model

    def check(self, **kwargs):
        errors = super().check(**kwargs)
        if self.base_field.remote_field:
            errors.append(
                checks.Error(
                    'Base field for array cannot be a related field.',
                    obj=self,
                    id='postgres.E002'
                )
            )
        else:
            # Remove the field name checks as they are not needed here.
            base_errors = self.base_field.check()
            if base_errors:
                messages = '\n    '.join('%s (%s)' % (error.msg, error.id) for error in base_errors)
                errors.append(
                    checks.Error(
                        'Base field for array has errors:\n    %s' % messages,
                        obj=self,
                        id='postgres.E001'
                    )
                )
        return errors

    def set_attributes_from_name(self, name):
        super().set_attributes_from_name(name)
        self.base_field.set_attributes_from_name(name)

    @property
    def description(self):
        return 'Array of %s' % self.base_field.description

    def db_type(self, connection):
        size = self.size or ''
        return '%s[%s]' % (self.base_field.db_type(connection), size)

    def get_placeholder(self, value, compiler, connection):
        return '%s::{}'.format(self.db_type(connection))

    def get_db_prep_value(self, value, connection, prepared=False):
        if isinstance(value, (list, tuple)):
            return [self.base_field.get_db_prep_value(i, connection, prepared=False) for i in value]
        return value

    def deconstruct(self):
        name, path, args, kwargs = super().deconstruct()
        if path == 'django.contrib.postgres.fields.array.ArrayField':
            path = 'django.contrib.postgres.fields.ArrayField'
        kwargs.update({
            'base_field': self.base_field.clone(),
            'size': self.size,
        })
        return name, path, args, kwargs

    def to_python(self, value):
        if isinstance(value, str):
            # Assume we're deserializing
            vals = json.loads(value)
            value = [self.base_field.to_python(val) for val in vals]
        return value

    def _from_db_value(self, value, expression, connection):
        if value is None:
            return value
        return [
            self.base_field.from_db_value(item, expression, connection)
            for item in value
        ]

    def value_to_string(self, obj):
        values = []
        vals = self.value_from_object(obj)
        base_field = self.base_field

        for val in vals:
            if val is None:
                values.append(None)
            else:
                obj = AttributeSetter(base_field.attname, val)
                values.append(base_field.value_to_string(obj))
        return json.dumps(values)

    def get_transform(self, name):
        transform = super().get_transform(name)
        if transform:
            return transform
        if '_' not in name:
            try:
                index = int(name)
            except ValueError:
                pass
            else:
                index += 1  # postgres uses 1-indexing
                return IndexTransformFactory(index, self.base_field)
        try:
            start, end = name.split('_')
            start = int(start) + 1
            end = int(end)  # don't add one here because postgres slices are weird
        except ValueError:
            pass
        else:
            return SliceTransformFactory(start, end)

    def validate(self, value, model_instance):
        super().validate(value, model_instance)
        for index, part in enumerate(value):
            try:
                self.base_field.validate(part, model_instance)
            except exceptions.ValidationError as error:
                raise prefix_validation_error(
                    error,
                    prefix=self.error_messages['item_invalid'],
                    code='item_invalid',
                    params={'nth': index + 1},
                )
        if isinstance(self.base_field, ArrayField):
            if len({len(i) for i in value}) > 1:
                raise exceptions.ValidationError(
                    self.error_messages['nested_array_mismatch'],
                    code='nested_array_mismatch',
                )

    def run_validators(self, value):
        super().run_validators(value)
        for index, part in enumerate(value):
            try:
                self.base_field.run_validators(part)
            except exceptions.ValidationError as error:
                raise prefix_validation_error(
                    error,
                    prefix=self.error_messages['item_invalid'],
                    code='item_invalid',
                    params={'nth': index + 1},
                )

    def formfield(self, **kwargs):
        return super().formfield(**{
            'form_class': SimpleArrayField,
            'base_field': self.base_field.formfield(),
            'max_length': self.size,
            **kwargs,
        })


@ArrayField.register_lookup
class ArrayContains(lookups.DataContains):
    def as_sql(self, qn, connection):
        sql, params = super().as_sql(qn, connection)
        sql = '%s::%s' % (sql, self.lhs.output_field.db_type(connection))
        return sql, params


@ArrayField.register_lookup
class ArrayContainedBy(lookups.ContainedBy):
    def as_sql(self, qn, connection):
        sql, params = super().as_sql(qn, connection)
        sql = '%s::%s' % (sql, self.lhs.output_field.db_type(connection))
        return sql, params


@ArrayField.register_lookup
class ArrayExact(Exact):
    def as_sql(self, qn, connection):
        sql, params = super().as_sql(qn, connection)
        sql = '%s::%s' % (sql, self.lhs.output_field.db_type(connection))
        return sql, params


@ArrayField.register_lookup
class ArrayOverlap(lookups.Overlap):
    def as_sql(self, qn, connection):
        sql, params = super().as_sql(qn, connection)
        sql = '%s::%s' % (sql, self.lhs.output_field.db_type(connection))
        return sql, params


@ArrayField.register_lookup
class ArrayLenTransform(Transform):
    lookup_name = 'len'
    output_field = IntegerField()

    def as_sql(self, compiler, connection):
        lhs, params = compiler.compile(self.lhs)
        # Distinguish NULL and empty arrays
        return (
            'CASE WHEN %(lhs)s IS NULL THEN NULL ELSE '
            'coalesce(array_length(%(lhs)s, 1), 0) END'
        ) % {'lhs': lhs}, params


@ArrayField.register_lookup
class ArrayInLookup(In):
    def get_prep_lookup(self):
        values = super().get_prep_lookup()
        if hasattr(self.rhs, '_prepare'):
            # Subqueries don't need further preparation.
            return values
        # In.process_rhs() expects values to be hashable, so convert lists
        # to tuples.
        prepared_values = []
        for value in values:
            if hasattr(value, 'resolve_expression'):
                prepared_values.append(value)
            else:
                prepared_values.append(tuple(value))
        return prepared_values


class IndexTransform(Transform):

    def __init__(self, index, base_field, *args, **kwargs):
        super().__init__(*args, **kwargs)
        self.index = index
        self.base_field = base_field

    def as_sql(self, compiler, connection):
        lhs, params = compiler.compile(self.lhs)
        return '%s[%s]' % (lhs, self.index), params

    @property
    def output_field(self):
        return self.base_field


class IndexTransformFactory:

    def __init__(self, index, base_field):
        self.index = index
        self.base_field = base_field

    def __call__(self, *args, **kwargs):
        return IndexTransform(self.index, self.base_field, *args, **kwargs)


class SliceTransform(Transform):

    def __init__(self, start, end, *args, **kwargs):
        super().__init__(*args, **kwargs)
        self.start = start
        self.end = end

    def as_sql(self, compiler, connection):
        lhs, params = compiler.compile(self.lhs)
        return '%s[%s:%s]' % (lhs, self.start, self.end), params


class SliceTransformFactory:

    def __init__(self, start, end):
        self.start = start
        self.end = end

    def __call__(self, *args, **kwargs):
        return SliceTransform(self.start, self.end, *args, **kwargs)