gitlabhq/gitlabhq

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lib/gitlab/auth.rb

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# frozen_string_literal: true

module Gitlab
  module Auth
    MissingPersonalAccessTokenError = Class.new(StandardError)

    # Scopes used for GitLab API access
    API_SCOPES = [:api, :read_user].freeze

    # Scopes used for GitLab Repository access
    REPOSITORY_SCOPES = [:read_repository, :write_repository].freeze

    # Scopes used for GitLab Docker Registry access
    REGISTRY_SCOPES = [:read_registry].freeze

    # Scopes used for GitLab as admin
    ADMIN_SCOPES = [:sudo].freeze

    # Scopes used for OpenID Connect
    OPENID_SCOPES = [:openid].freeze

    # OpenID Connect profile scopes
    PROFILE_SCOPES = [:profile, :email].freeze

    # Default scopes for OAuth applications that don't define their own
    DEFAULT_SCOPES = [:api].freeze

    class << self
      def omniauth_enabled?
        Gitlab.config.omniauth.enabled
      end

      def find_for_git_client(login, password, project:, ip:)
        raise "Must provide an IP for rate limiting" if ip.nil?

        # `user_with_password_for_git` should be the last check
        # because it's the most expensive, especially when LDAP
        # is enabled.
        result =
          service_request_check(login, password, project) ||
          build_access_token_check(login, password) ||
          lfs_token_check(login, password, project) ||
          oauth_access_token_check(login, password) ||
          personal_access_token_check(password) ||
          deploy_token_check(login, password) ||
          user_with_password_for_git(login, password) ||
          Gitlab::Auth::Result.new

        rate_limit!(ip, success: result.success?, login: login) unless skip_rate_limit?(login: login)
        Gitlab::Auth::UniqueIpsLimiter.limit_user!(result.actor)

        return result if result.success? || authenticate_using_internal_or_ldap_password?

        # If sign-in is disabled and LDAP is not configured, recommend a
        # personal access token on failed auth attempts
        raise Gitlab::Auth::MissingPersonalAccessTokenError
      end

      def find_with_user_password(login, password)
        # Avoid resource intensive checks if login credentials are not provided
        return unless login.present? && password.present?

        # Nothing to do here if internal auth is disabled and LDAP is
        # not configured
        return unless authenticate_using_internal_or_ldap_password?

        Gitlab::Auth::UniqueIpsLimiter.limit_user! do
          user = User.by_login(login)

          break if user && !user.active?

          authenticators = []

          if user
            authenticators << Gitlab::Auth::OAuth::Provider.authentication(user, 'database')

            # Add authenticators for all identities if user is not nil
            user&.identities&.each do |identity|
              authenticators << Gitlab::Auth::OAuth::Provider.authentication(user, identity.provider)
            end
          else
            # If no user is provided, try LDAP.
            #   LDAP users are only authenticated via LDAP
            authenticators << Gitlab::Auth::LDAP::Authentication
          end

          authenticators.compact!

          # return found user that was authenticated first for given login credentials
          authenticators.find do |auth|
            authenticated_user = auth.login(login, password)
            break authenticated_user if authenticated_user
          end
        end
      end

      # rubocop:disable Gitlab/RailsLogger
      def rate_limit!(ip, success:, login:)
        rate_limiter = Gitlab::Auth::IpRateLimiter.new(ip)
        return unless rate_limiter.enabled?

        if success
          # Repeated login 'failures' are normal behavior for some Git clients so
          # it is important to reset the ban counter once the client has proven
          # they are not a 'bad guy'.
          rate_limiter.reset!
        else
          # Register a login failure so that Rack::Attack can block the next
          # request from this IP if needed.
          rate_limiter.register_fail!

          if rate_limiter.banned?
            Rails.logger.info "IP #{ip} failed to login " \
              "as #{login} but has been temporarily banned from Git auth"
          end
        end
      end
      # rubocop:enable Gitlab/RailsLogger

      private

      def skip_rate_limit?(login:)
        ::Ci::Build::CI_REGISTRY_USER == login
      end

      def authenticate_using_internal_or_ldap_password?
        Gitlab::CurrentSettings.password_authentication_enabled_for_git? || Gitlab::Auth::LDAP::Config.enabled?
      end

      def service_request_check(login, password, project)
        matched_login = /(?<service>^[a-zA-Z]*-ci)-token$/.match(login)

        return unless project && matched_login.present?

        underscored_service = matched_login['service'].underscore

        if Service.available_services_names.include?(underscored_service)
          # We treat underscored_service as a trusted input because it is included
          # in the Service.available_services_names whitelist.
          service = project.public_send("#{underscored_service}_service") # rubocop:disable GitlabSecurity/PublicSend

          if service && service.activated? && service.valid_token?(password)
            Gitlab::Auth::Result.new(nil, project, :ci, build_authentication_abilities)
          end
        end
      end

      def user_with_password_for_git(login, password)
        user = find_with_user_password(login, password)
        return unless user

        raise Gitlab::Auth::MissingPersonalAccessTokenError if user.two_factor_enabled?

        Gitlab::Auth::Result.new(user, nil, :gitlab_or_ldap, full_authentication_abilities)
      end

      # rubocop: disable CodeReuse/ActiveRecord
      def oauth_access_token_check(login, password)
        if login == "oauth2" && password.present?
          token = Doorkeeper::AccessToken.by_token(password)

          if valid_oauth_token?(token)
            user = User.find_by(id: token.resource_owner_id)
            Gitlab::Auth::Result.new(user, nil, :oauth, full_authentication_abilities)
          end
        end
      end
      # rubocop: enable CodeReuse/ActiveRecord

      def personal_access_token_check(password)
        return unless password.present?

        token = PersonalAccessTokensFinder.new(state: 'active').find_by_token(password)

        if token && valid_scoped_token?(token, all_available_scopes)
          Gitlab::Auth::Result.new(token.user, nil, :personal_access_token, abilities_for_scopes(token.scopes))
        end
      end

      def valid_oauth_token?(token)
        token && token.accessible? && valid_scoped_token?(token, [:api])
      end

      def valid_scoped_token?(token, scopes)
        AccessTokenValidationService.new(token).include_any_scope?(scopes)
      end

      def abilities_for_scopes(scopes)
        abilities_by_scope = {
          api: full_authentication_abilities,
          read_registry: [:read_container_image],
          read_repository: [:download_code],
          write_repository: [:download_code, :push_code]
        }

        scopes.flat_map do |scope|
          abilities_by_scope.fetch(scope.to_sym, [])
        end.uniq
      end

      # rubocop: disable CodeReuse/ActiveRecord
      def deploy_token_check(login, password)
        return unless password.present?

        token =
          DeployToken.active.find_by(token: password)

        return unless token && login
        return if login != token.username

        scopes = abilities_for_scopes(token.scopes)

        if valid_scoped_token?(token, all_available_scopes)
          Gitlab::Auth::Result.new(token, token.project, :deploy_token, scopes)
        end
      end
      # rubocop: enable CodeReuse/ActiveRecord

      def lfs_token_check(login, encoded_token, project)
        deploy_key_matches = login.match(/\Alfs\+deploy-key-(\d+)\z/)

        actor =
          if deploy_key_matches
            DeployKey.find(deploy_key_matches[1])
          else
            User.by_login(login)
          end

        return unless actor

        token_handler = Gitlab::LfsToken.new(actor)

        authentication_abilities =
          if token_handler.user?
            full_authentication_abilities
          elsif token_handler.deploy_key_pushable?(project)
            read_write_authentication_abilities
          else
            read_only_authentication_abilities
          end

        if token_handler.token_valid?(encoded_token)
          Gitlab::Auth::Result.new(actor, nil, token_handler.type, authentication_abilities)
        end
      end

      def build_access_token_check(login, password)
        return unless login == 'gitlab-ci-token'
        return unless password

        build = find_build_by_token(password)
        return unless build
        return unless build.project.builds_enabled?

        if build.user
          # If user is assigned to build, use restricted credentials of user
          Gitlab::Auth::Result.new(build.user, build.project, :build, build_authentication_abilities)
        else
          # Otherwise use generic CI credentials (backward compatibility)
          Gitlab::Auth::Result.new(nil, build.project, :ci, build_authentication_abilities)
        end
      end

      public

      def build_authentication_abilities
        [
          :read_project,
          :build_download_code,
          :build_read_container_image,
          :build_create_container_image
        ]
      end

      def read_only_authentication_abilities
        [
          :read_project,
          :download_code,
          :read_container_image
        ]
      end

      def read_write_authentication_abilities
        read_only_authentication_abilities + [
          :push_code,
          :create_container_image
        ]
      end

      def full_authentication_abilities
        read_write_authentication_abilities + [
          :admin_container_image
        ]
      end

      def available_scopes_for(current_user)
        scopes = non_admin_available_scopes
        scopes += ADMIN_SCOPES if current_user.admin?
        scopes
      end

      def all_available_scopes
        non_admin_available_scopes + ADMIN_SCOPES
      end

      # Other available scopes
      def optional_scopes
        all_available_scopes + OPENID_SCOPES + PROFILE_SCOPES - DEFAULT_SCOPES
      end

      def registry_scopes
        return [] unless Gitlab.config.registry.enabled

        REGISTRY_SCOPES
      end

      private

      def non_admin_available_scopes
        API_SCOPES + REPOSITORY_SCOPES + registry_scopes
      end

      def find_build_by_token(token)
        ::Ci::Build.running.find_by_token(token)
      end
    end
  end
end