yiisoft/yii2

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Similar blocks of code found in 2 locations. Consider refactoring.
Open

        if (isset(self::$_icuShortFormats[$pattern])) {
            if (extension_loaded('intl')) {
                if ($locale === null) {
                    $locale = Yii::$app->language;
                }
Severity: Major
Found in framework/helpers/BaseFormatConverter.php and 1 other location - About 6 hrs to fix
framework/helpers/BaseFormatConverter.php on lines 362..378

Duplicated Code

Duplicated code can lead to software that is hard to understand and difficult to change. The Don't Repeat Yourself (DRY) principle states:

Every piece of knowledge must have a single, unambiguous, authoritative representation within a system.

When you violate DRY, bugs and maintenance problems are sure to follow. Duplicated code has a tendency to both continue to replicate and also to diverge (leaving bugs as two similar implementations differ in subtle ways).

Tuning

This issue has a mass of 181.

We set useful threshold defaults for the languages we support but you may want to adjust these settings based on your project guidelines.

The threshold configuration represents the minimum mass a code block must have to be analyzed for duplication. The lower the threshold, the more fine-grained the comparison.

If the engine is too easily reporting duplication, try raising the threshold. If you suspect that the engine isn't catching enough duplication, try lowering the threshold. The best setting tends to differ from language to language.

See codeclimate-duplication's documentation for more information about tuning the mass threshold in your .codeclimate.yml.

Refactorings

Further Reading

Similar blocks of code found in 2 locations. Consider refactoring.
Open

        if (isset(self::$_icuShortFormats[$pattern])) {
            if (extension_loaded('intl')) {
                if ($locale === null) {
                    $locale = Yii::$app->language;
                }
Severity: Major
Found in framework/helpers/BaseFormatConverter.php and 1 other location - About 6 hrs to fix
framework/helpers/BaseFormatConverter.php on lines 105..121

Duplicated Code

Duplicated code can lead to software that is hard to understand and difficult to change. The Don't Repeat Yourself (DRY) principle states:

Every piece of knowledge must have a single, unambiguous, authoritative representation within a system.

When you violate DRY, bugs and maintenance problems are sure to follow. Duplicated code has a tendency to both continue to replicate and also to diverge (leaving bugs as two similar implementations differ in subtle ways).

Tuning

This issue has a mass of 181.

We set useful threshold defaults for the languages we support but you may want to adjust these settings based on your project guidelines.

The threshold configuration represents the minimum mass a code block must have to be analyzed for duplication. The lower the threshold, the more fine-grained the comparison.

If the engine is too easily reporting duplication, try raising the threshold. If you suspect that the engine isn't catching enough duplication, try lowering the threshold. The best setting tends to differ from language to language.

See codeclimate-duplication's documentation for more information about tuning the mass threshold in your .codeclimate.yml.

Refactorings

Further Reading

Similar blocks of code found in 2 locations. Consider refactoring.
Open

        foreach ($items as $value => $label) {
            $checked = $selection !== null &&
                (!ArrayHelper::isTraversable($selection) && !strcmp($value, $selection)
                    || ArrayHelper::isTraversable($selection) && ArrayHelper::isIn((string)$value, $selection));
            if ($formatter !== null) {
Severity: Major
Found in framework/helpers/BaseHtml.php and 1 other location - About 6 hrs to fix
framework/helpers/BaseHtml.php on lines 1067..1080

Duplicated Code

Duplicated code can lead to software that is hard to understand and difficult to change. The Don't Repeat Yourself (DRY) principle states:

Every piece of knowledge must have a single, unambiguous, authoritative representation within a system.

When you violate DRY, bugs and maintenance problems are sure to follow. Duplicated code has a tendency to both continue to replicate and also to diverge (leaving bugs as two similar implementations differ in subtle ways).

Tuning

This issue has a mass of 177.

We set useful threshold defaults for the languages we support but you may want to adjust these settings based on your project guidelines.

The threshold configuration represents the minimum mass a code block must have to be analyzed for duplication. The lower the threshold, the more fine-grained the comparison.

If the engine is too easily reporting duplication, try raising the threshold. If you suspect that the engine isn't catching enough duplication, try lowering the threshold. The best setting tends to differ from language to language.

See codeclimate-duplication's documentation for more information about tuning the mass threshold in your .codeclimate.yml.

Refactorings

Further Reading

Similar blocks of code found in 2 locations. Consider refactoring.
Open

        foreach ($items as $value => $label) {
            $checked = $selection !== null &&
                (!ArrayHelper::isTraversable($selection) && !strcmp($value, $selection)
                    || ArrayHelper::isTraversable($selection) && ArrayHelper::isIn((string)$value, $selection));
            if ($formatter !== null) {
Severity: Major
Found in framework/helpers/BaseHtml.php and 1 other location - About 6 hrs to fix
framework/helpers/BaseHtml.php on lines 968..981

Duplicated Code

Duplicated code can lead to software that is hard to understand and difficult to change. The Don't Repeat Yourself (DRY) principle states:

Every piece of knowledge must have a single, unambiguous, authoritative representation within a system.

When you violate DRY, bugs and maintenance problems are sure to follow. Duplicated code has a tendency to both continue to replicate and also to diverge (leaving bugs as two similar implementations differ in subtle ways).

Tuning

This issue has a mass of 177.

We set useful threshold defaults for the languages we support but you may want to adjust these settings based on your project guidelines.

The threshold configuration represents the minimum mass a code block must have to be analyzed for duplication. The lower the threshold, the more fine-grained the comparison.

If the engine is too easily reporting duplication, try raising the threshold. If you suspect that the engine isn't catching enough duplication, try lowering the threshold. The best setting tends to differ from language to language.

See codeclimate-duplication's documentation for more information about tuning the mass threshold in your .codeclimate.yml.

Refactorings

Further Reading

Function populateInverseRelation has a Cognitive Complexity of 42 (exceeds 5 allowed). Consider refactoring.
Open

    private function populateInverseRelation(&$primaryModels, $models, $primaryName, $name)
    {
        if (empty($models) || empty($primaryModels)) {
            return;
        }
Severity: Minor
Found in framework/db/ActiveRelationTrait.php - About 6 hrs to fix

Cognitive Complexity

Cognitive Complexity is a measure of how difficult a unit of code is to intuitively understand. Unlike Cyclomatic Complexity, which determines how difficult your code will be to test, Cognitive Complexity tells you how difficult your code will be to read and comprehend.

A method's cognitive complexity is based on a few simple rules:

  • Code is not considered more complex when it uses shorthand that the language provides for collapsing multiple statements into one
  • Code is considered more complex for each "break in the linear flow of the code"
  • Code is considered more complex when "flow breaking structures are nested"

Further reading

Function createUrl has a Cognitive Complexity of 42 (exceeds 5 allowed). Consider refactoring.
Open

    public function createUrl($manager, $route, $params)
    {
        if ($this->mode === self::PARSING_ONLY) {
            $this->createStatus = self::CREATE_STATUS_PARSING_ONLY;
            return false;
Severity: Minor
Found in framework/web/UrlRule.php - About 6 hrs to fix

Cognitive Complexity

Cognitive Complexity is a measure of how difficult a unit of code is to intuitively understand. Unlike Cyclomatic Complexity, which determines how difficult your code will be to test, Cognitive Complexity tells you how difficult your code will be to read and comprehend.

A method's cognitive complexity is based on a few simple rules:

  • Code is not considered more complex when it uses shorthand that the language provides for collapsing multiple statements into one
  • Code is considered more complex for each "break in the linear flow of the code"
  • Code is considered more complex when "flow breaking structures are nested"

Further reading

Similar blocks of code found in 2 locations. Consider refactoring.
Open

    protected function compressJsFiles($inputFiles, $outputFile)
    {
        if (empty($inputFiles)) {
            return;
        }
Severity: Major
Found in framework/console/controllers/AssetController.php and 1 other location - About 6 hrs to fix
framework/console/controllers/AssetController.php on lines 538..559

Duplicated Code

Duplicated code can lead to software that is hard to understand and difficult to change. The Don't Repeat Yourself (DRY) principle states:

Every piece of knowledge must have a single, unambiguous, authoritative representation within a system.

When you violate DRY, bugs and maintenance problems are sure to follow. Duplicated code has a tendency to both continue to replicate and also to diverge (leaving bugs as two similar implementations differ in subtle ways).

Tuning

This issue has a mass of 175.

We set useful threshold defaults for the languages we support but you may want to adjust these settings based on your project guidelines.

The threshold configuration represents the minimum mass a code block must have to be analyzed for duplication. The lower the threshold, the more fine-grained the comparison.

If the engine is too easily reporting duplication, try raising the threshold. If you suspect that the engine isn't catching enough duplication, try lowering the threshold. The best setting tends to differ from language to language.

See codeclimate-duplication's documentation for more information about tuning the mass threshold in your .codeclimate.yml.

Refactorings

Further Reading

Similar blocks of code found in 2 locations. Consider refactoring.
Open

    protected function compressCssFiles($inputFiles, $outputFile)
    {
        if (empty($inputFiles)) {
            return;
        }
Severity: Major
Found in framework/console/controllers/AssetController.php and 1 other location - About 6 hrs to fix
framework/console/controllers/AssetController.php on lines 509..530

Duplicated Code

Duplicated code can lead to software that is hard to understand and difficult to change. The Don't Repeat Yourself (DRY) principle states:

Every piece of knowledge must have a single, unambiguous, authoritative representation within a system.

When you violate DRY, bugs and maintenance problems are sure to follow. Duplicated code has a tendency to both continue to replicate and also to diverge (leaving bugs as two similar implementations differ in subtle ways).

Tuning

This issue has a mass of 175.

We set useful threshold defaults for the languages we support but you may want to adjust these settings based on your project guidelines.

The threshold configuration represents the minimum mass a code block must have to be analyzed for duplication. The lower the threshold, the more fine-grained the comparison.

If the engine is too easily reporting duplication, try raising the threshold. If you suspect that the engine isn't catching enough duplication, try lowering the threshold. The best setting tends to differ from language to language.

See codeclimate-duplication's documentation for more information about tuning the mass threshold in your .codeclimate.yml.

Refactorings

Further Reading

Similar blocks of code found in 4 locations. Consider refactoring.
Open

    public $typeMap = [
        Schema::TYPE_PK => 'int IDENTITY PRIMARY KEY',
        Schema::TYPE_UPK => 'int IDENTITY PRIMARY KEY',
        Schema::TYPE_BIGPK => 'bigint IDENTITY PRIMARY KEY',
        Schema::TYPE_UBIGPK => 'bigint IDENTITY PRIMARY KEY',
Severity: Major
Found in framework/db/mssql/QueryBuilder.php and 3 other locations - About 6 hrs to fix
framework/db/cubrid/QueryBuilder.php on lines 27..49
framework/db/oci/QueryBuilder.php on lines 30..52
framework/db/sqlite/QueryBuilder.php on lines 30..52

Duplicated Code

Duplicated code can lead to software that is hard to understand and difficult to change. The Don't Repeat Yourself (DRY) principle states:

Every piece of knowledge must have a single, unambiguous, authoritative representation within a system.

When you violate DRY, bugs and maintenance problems are sure to follow. Duplicated code has a tendency to both continue to replicate and also to diverge (leaving bugs as two similar implementations differ in subtle ways).

Tuning

This issue has a mass of 174.

We set useful threshold defaults for the languages we support but you may want to adjust these settings based on your project guidelines.

The threshold configuration represents the minimum mass a code block must have to be analyzed for duplication. The lower the threshold, the more fine-grained the comparison.

If the engine is too easily reporting duplication, try raising the threshold. If you suspect that the engine isn't catching enough duplication, try lowering the threshold. The best setting tends to differ from language to language.

See codeclimate-duplication's documentation for more information about tuning the mass threshold in your .codeclimate.yml.

Refactorings

Further Reading

Similar blocks of code found in 2 locations. Consider refactoring.
Open

    protected function loadTableIndexes($tableName)
    {
        static $sql = <<<'SQL'
SELECT
    "ic"."relname" AS "name",
Severity: Major
Found in framework/db/pgsql/Schema.php and 1 other location - About 6 hrs to fix
framework/db/oci/Schema.php on lines 180..216

Duplicated Code

Duplicated code can lead to software that is hard to understand and difficult to change. The Don't Repeat Yourself (DRY) principle states:

Every piece of knowledge must have a single, unambiguous, authoritative representation within a system.

When you violate DRY, bugs and maintenance problems are sure to follow. Duplicated code has a tendency to both continue to replicate and also to diverge (leaving bugs as two similar implementations differ in subtle ways).

Tuning

This issue has a mass of 174.

We set useful threshold defaults for the languages we support but you may want to adjust these settings based on your project guidelines.

The threshold configuration represents the minimum mass a code block must have to be analyzed for duplication. The lower the threshold, the more fine-grained the comparison.

If the engine is too easily reporting duplication, try raising the threshold. If you suspect that the engine isn't catching enough duplication, try lowering the threshold. The best setting tends to differ from language to language.

See codeclimate-duplication's documentation for more information about tuning the mass threshold in your .codeclimate.yml.

Refactorings

Further Reading

Similar blocks of code found in 4 locations. Consider refactoring.
Open

    public $typeMap = [
        Schema::TYPE_PK => 'NUMBER(10) NOT NULL PRIMARY KEY',
        Schema::TYPE_UPK => 'NUMBER(10) UNSIGNED NOT NULL PRIMARY KEY',
        Schema::TYPE_BIGPK => 'NUMBER(20) NOT NULL PRIMARY KEY',
        Schema::TYPE_UBIGPK => 'NUMBER(20) UNSIGNED NOT NULL PRIMARY KEY',
Severity: Major
Found in framework/db/oci/QueryBuilder.php and 3 other locations - About 6 hrs to fix
framework/db/cubrid/QueryBuilder.php on lines 27..49
framework/db/mssql/QueryBuilder.php on lines 25..47
framework/db/sqlite/QueryBuilder.php on lines 30..52

Duplicated Code

Duplicated code can lead to software that is hard to understand and difficult to change. The Don't Repeat Yourself (DRY) principle states:

Every piece of knowledge must have a single, unambiguous, authoritative representation within a system.

When you violate DRY, bugs and maintenance problems are sure to follow. Duplicated code has a tendency to both continue to replicate and also to diverge (leaving bugs as two similar implementations differ in subtle ways).

Tuning

This issue has a mass of 174.

We set useful threshold defaults for the languages we support but you may want to adjust these settings based on your project guidelines.

The threshold configuration represents the minimum mass a code block must have to be analyzed for duplication. The lower the threshold, the more fine-grained the comparison.

If the engine is too easily reporting duplication, try raising the threshold. If you suspect that the engine isn't catching enough duplication, try lowering the threshold. The best setting tends to differ from language to language.

See codeclimate-duplication's documentation for more information about tuning the mass threshold in your .codeclimate.yml.

Refactorings

Further Reading

Similar blocks of code found in 2 locations. Consider refactoring.
Open

    protected function loadTableIndexes($tableName)
    {
        static $sql = <<<'SQL'
SELECT
    /*+ PUSH_PRED("ui") PUSH_PRED("uicol") PUSH_PRED("uc") */
Severity: Major
Found in framework/db/oci/Schema.php and 1 other location - About 6 hrs to fix
framework/db/pgsql/Schema.php on lines 219..258

Duplicated Code

Duplicated code can lead to software that is hard to understand and difficult to change. The Don't Repeat Yourself (DRY) principle states:

Every piece of knowledge must have a single, unambiguous, authoritative representation within a system.

When you violate DRY, bugs and maintenance problems are sure to follow. Duplicated code has a tendency to both continue to replicate and also to diverge (leaving bugs as two similar implementations differ in subtle ways).

Tuning

This issue has a mass of 174.

We set useful threshold defaults for the languages we support but you may want to adjust these settings based on your project guidelines.

The threshold configuration represents the minimum mass a code block must have to be analyzed for duplication. The lower the threshold, the more fine-grained the comparison.

If the engine is too easily reporting duplication, try raising the threshold. If you suspect that the engine isn't catching enough duplication, try lowering the threshold. The best setting tends to differ from language to language.

See codeclimate-duplication's documentation for more information about tuning the mass threshold in your .codeclimate.yml.

Refactorings

Further Reading

Similar blocks of code found in 4 locations. Consider refactoring.
Open

    public $typeMap = [
        Schema::TYPE_PK => 'int NOT NULL AUTO_INCREMENT PRIMARY KEY',
        Schema::TYPE_UPK => 'int UNSIGNED NOT NULL AUTO_INCREMENT PRIMARY KEY',
        Schema::TYPE_BIGPK => 'bigint NOT NULL AUTO_INCREMENT PRIMARY KEY',
        Schema::TYPE_UBIGPK => 'bigint UNSIGNED NOT NULL AUTO_INCREMENT PRIMARY KEY',
Severity: Major
Found in framework/db/cubrid/QueryBuilder.php and 3 other locations - About 6 hrs to fix
framework/db/mssql/QueryBuilder.php on lines 25..47
framework/db/oci/QueryBuilder.php on lines 30..52
framework/db/sqlite/QueryBuilder.php on lines 30..52

Duplicated Code

Duplicated code can lead to software that is hard to understand and difficult to change. The Don't Repeat Yourself (DRY) principle states:

Every piece of knowledge must have a single, unambiguous, authoritative representation within a system.

When you violate DRY, bugs and maintenance problems are sure to follow. Duplicated code has a tendency to both continue to replicate and also to diverge (leaving bugs as two similar implementations differ in subtle ways).

Tuning

This issue has a mass of 174.

We set useful threshold defaults for the languages we support but you may want to adjust these settings based on your project guidelines.

The threshold configuration represents the minimum mass a code block must have to be analyzed for duplication. The lower the threshold, the more fine-grained the comparison.

If the engine is too easily reporting duplication, try raising the threshold. If you suspect that the engine isn't catching enough duplication, try lowering the threshold. The best setting tends to differ from language to language.

See codeclimate-duplication's documentation for more information about tuning the mass threshold in your .codeclimate.yml.

Refactorings

Further Reading

Similar blocks of code found in 4 locations. Consider refactoring.
Open

    public $typeMap = [
        Schema::TYPE_PK => 'integer PRIMARY KEY AUTOINCREMENT NOT NULL',
        Schema::TYPE_UPK => 'integer UNSIGNED PRIMARY KEY AUTOINCREMENT NOT NULL',
        Schema::TYPE_BIGPK => 'integer PRIMARY KEY AUTOINCREMENT NOT NULL',
        Schema::TYPE_UBIGPK => 'integer UNSIGNED PRIMARY KEY AUTOINCREMENT NOT NULL',
Severity: Major
Found in framework/db/sqlite/QueryBuilder.php and 3 other locations - About 6 hrs to fix
framework/db/cubrid/QueryBuilder.php on lines 27..49
framework/db/mssql/QueryBuilder.php on lines 25..47
framework/db/oci/QueryBuilder.php on lines 30..52

Duplicated Code

Duplicated code can lead to software that is hard to understand and difficult to change. The Don't Repeat Yourself (DRY) principle states:

Every piece of knowledge must have a single, unambiguous, authoritative representation within a system.

When you violate DRY, bugs and maintenance problems are sure to follow. Duplicated code has a tendency to both continue to replicate and also to diverge (leaving bugs as two similar implementations differ in subtle ways).

Tuning

This issue has a mass of 174.

We set useful threshold defaults for the languages we support but you may want to adjust these settings based on your project guidelines.

The threshold configuration represents the minimum mass a code block must have to be analyzed for duplication. The lower the threshold, the more fine-grained the comparison.

If the engine is too easily reporting duplication, try raising the threshold. If you suspect that the engine isn't catching enough duplication, try lowering the threshold. The best setting tends to differ from language to language.

See codeclimate-duplication's documentation for more information about tuning the mass threshold in your .codeclimate.yml.

Refactorings

Further Reading

Function loadColumnSchema has a Cognitive Complexity of 40 (exceeds 5 allowed). Consider refactoring.
Open

    protected function loadColumnSchema($info)
    {
        $column = $this->createColumnSchema();

        $column->name = $info['Field'];
Severity: Minor
Found in framework/db/cubrid/Schema.php - About 6 hrs to fix

Cognitive Complexity

Cognitive Complexity is a measure of how difficult a unit of code is to intuitively understand. Unlike Cyclomatic Complexity, which determines how difficult your code will be to test, Cognitive Complexity tells you how difficult your code will be to read and comprehend.

A method's cognitive complexity is based on a few simple rules:

  • Code is not considered more complex when it uses shorthand that the language provides for collapsing multiple statements into one
  • Code is considered more complex for each "break in the linear flow of the code"
  • Code is considered more complex when "flow breaking structures are nested"

Further reading

Function link has a Cognitive Complexity of 40 (exceeds 5 allowed). Consider refactoring.
Open

    public function link($name, $model, $extraColumns = [])
    {
        $relation = $this->getRelation($name);

        if ($relation->via !== null) {
Severity: Minor
Found in framework/db/BaseActiveRecord.php - About 6 hrs to fix

Cognitive Complexity

Cognitive Complexity is a measure of how difficult a unit of code is to intuitively understand. Unlike Cyclomatic Complexity, which determines how difficult your code will be to test, Cognitive Complexity tells you how difficult your code will be to read and comprehend.

A method's cognitive complexity is based on a few simple rules:

  • Code is not considered more complex when it uses shorthand that the language provides for collapsing multiple statements into one
  • Code is considered more complex for each "break in the linear flow of the code"
  • Code is considered more complex when "flow breaking structures are nested"

Further reading

Function scenarios has a Cognitive Complexity of 40 (exceeds 5 allowed). Consider refactoring.
Open

    public function scenarios()
    {
        $scenarios = [self::SCENARIO_DEFAULT => []];
        foreach ($this->getValidators() as $validator) {
            foreach ($validator->on as $scenario) {
Severity: Minor
Found in framework/base/Model.php - About 6 hrs to fix

Cognitive Complexity

Cognitive Complexity is a measure of how difficult a unit of code is to intuitively understand. Unlike Cyclomatic Complexity, which determines how difficult your code will be to test, Cognitive Complexity tells you how difficult your code will be to read and comprehend.

A method's cognitive complexity is based on a few simple rules:

  • Code is not considered more complex when it uses shorthand that the language provides for collapsing multiple statements into one
  • Code is considered more complex for each "break in the linear flow of the code"
  • Code is considered more complex when "flow breaking structures are nested"

Further reading

Function saveMessagesToDb has a Cognitive Complexity of 39 (exceeds 5 allowed). Consider refactoring.
Open

    protected function saveMessagesToDb($messages, $db, $sourceMessageTable, $messageTable, $removeUnused, $languages, $markUnused)
    {
        $currentMessages = [];
        $rows = (new Query())->select(['id', 'category', 'message'])->from($sourceMessageTable)->all($db);
        foreach ($rows as $row) {
Severity: Minor
Found in framework/console/controllers/MessageController.php - About 5 hrs to fix

Cognitive Complexity

Cognitive Complexity is a measure of how difficult a unit of code is to intuitively understand. Unlike Cyclomatic Complexity, which determines how difficult your code will be to test, Cognitive Complexity tells you how difficult your code will be to read and comprehend.

A method's cognitive complexity is based on a few simple rules:

  • Code is not considered more complex when it uses shorthand that the language provides for collapsing multiple statements into one
  • Code is considered more complex for each "break in the linear flow of the code"
  • Code is considered more complex when "flow breaking structures are nested"

Further reading

Function unlinkAll has a Cognitive Complexity of 39 (exceeds 5 allowed). Consider refactoring.
Open

    public function unlinkAll($name, $delete = false)
    {
        $relation = $this->getRelation($name);

        if ($relation->via !== null) {
Severity: Minor
Found in framework/db/BaseActiveRecord.php - About 5 hrs to fix

Cognitive Complexity

Cognitive Complexity is a measure of how difficult a unit of code is to intuitively understand. Unlike Cyclomatic Complexity, which determines how difficult your code will be to test, Cognitive Complexity tells you how difficult your code will be to read and comprehend.

A method's cognitive complexity is based on a few simple rules:

  • Code is not considered more complex when it uses shorthand that the language provides for collapsing multiple statements into one
  • Code is considered more complex for each "break in the linear flow of the code"
  • Code is considered more complex when "flow breaking structures are nested"

Further reading

Function generateRandomKey has a Cognitive Complexity of 39 (exceeds 5 allowed). Consider refactoring.
Open

    public function generateRandomKey($length = 32)
    {
        if (!is_int($length)) {
            throw new InvalidArgumentException('First parameter ($length) must be an integer');
        }
Severity: Minor
Found in framework/base/Security.php - About 5 hrs to fix

Cognitive Complexity

Cognitive Complexity is a measure of how difficult a unit of code is to intuitively understand. Unlike Cyclomatic Complexity, which determines how difficult your code will be to test, Cognitive Complexity tells you how difficult your code will be to read and comprehend.

A method's cognitive complexity is based on a few simple rules:

  • Code is not considered more complex when it uses shorthand that the language provides for collapsing multiple statements into one
  • Code is considered more complex for each "break in the linear flow of the code"
  • Code is considered more complex when "flow breaking structures are nested"

Further reading

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